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Coastal Plain

Geographic Features

The Coastal Plain makes up southern Georgia, so it’s the warmest region of the state. The land is flat, and the soil is mostly sandy. It is sandy because millions of years ago it was covered by the ocean! This creates a unique environment for many different plants and animals. Compared with other habitats of Georgia,  the coastal plain has mild winters and hot summers. 


There are many species of trees that thrive in the coastal plain. Among them are the sweet gum, magnolia, bay, and hickory trees, which live near streams. Pine, live oak, saw palmetto, wax myrtle, and wiregrass grow in the flatwoods. 
Dominating the southeastern Coastal Plain, the ecosystem of longleaf pine and wiregrass (pictured) harbored the most species-rich communities reported in North America. Today, this forest type has almost disappeared because of regionwide conversion to agriculture, urbanization, and fire suppression. This vegetation evolved in a landscape of frequent lightning strikes and fire ignition, and consequently these woodlands and adjacent wetland communities are dependent on frequent fire to maintain their biological richness and ecosystem health. Because of the rarity of the overall ecosystem today, many of the resident plant and animal species are considered critically endangered or threatened.


This region is also home to the venomous Coral Snake! If you see one remember this rhyme: Red on black, friend of Jack. Red on yellow, kill a fellow!  You will also find the eastern diamondback rattlesnake, gopher tortoise, and the little grass frog is one of the tiniest critters that live in this coastal habitat.   

The armadillo is one of the most unique mammals that make this region their home. Other mammals include deer, bobcats, skunks, opossums, and raccoon. 

Birds that nest here include quail, the red-cockaded woodpecker (though rare), and many songbirds.