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Georgia Habitats

Great sites with information about Georgia's habitats:

Regions of Georgia: Overview


The state of Georgia has five regions: the Mountains, the Piedmont, the Coastal Plain, the Wetlands, and the Coast. The geographical features and the climate influence the development of vegetation and animal life in each region.  
Cloudland Canyon State Park is located in Dade County, near the northern end of Lookout Mountain, in the Appalachian Plateau.Cloudland Canyon State Park
THE MOUNTAINS
The mountain region is made up of 3 parts: The Appalachian Plateau, Ridge and Valley, and Blue Ridge. 
The Appalachian Plateau, including Lookout Mountain, is located in the northwestern corner of Georgia. 
The Blue Ridge is the southern extent of the major mountain range of the Appalachians that extends into Georgia. The highest mountains in the state, including Brasstown Bald (4,784 feet above sea level), are in the Blue Ridge. This area traditionally has been an area of mining—the first gold rush in the United States took place at Dahlonega in 1828—but today the Blue Ridge, 
The Blue Ridge is the southern extent of the major mountain range of the Appalachians that extends into northeast Georgia.Blue Ridge Mountains
The Ridge and Valley extends below the Appalachian Plateau and east through the top of the state, connecting portions of Georgia and Tennessee with eastern Alabama.  This province consists of numerous northeast-to-southwest-trending ridges with associated valleys. It has historically been the source of mining activity with some farming in the valley floors. 
with its mountain streams and cool summer breezes, serves primarily as a source of recreation. 
THE PIEDMONT
The Piedmont is home to most of Georgia's population. This is where we live! This area of mountain foothills once served as the primary area for growing cotton. Most of Georgia's cities are in the Piedmont, and the area is highly industrialized, with industries as diverse as carpet milling, aircraft and automobile manufacturing, and poultry processing. Agriculture is still a significant economic activity, but animal products such as poultry, eggs, and beef are dominant.
THE COASTAL PLAIN
The Atlantic Coastal Plain is south of the fall line, a line extending across Georgia. The fall line is so named because it is the geomorphic contact of the Piedmont and Coastal Plain; rivers flowing across this juncture produce waterfalls. Cities were created at these falls on major rivers as points for cargo transfer from riverboats and barges to trains and wagons.
The Coastal Plain has two parts, the Upper Coastal Plain and the Lower Coastal Plain. 
The Coastal Plain has two parts, the Upper Coastal Plain and the Lower Coastal Plain. The Lower Coastal Plain includes the actual coastal area of the state.Lower Coastal Plain
In the Upper Coastal Plain, which covers the central and southwestern portions of the state, agriculture is the dominant activity. The core of the state's peanut,cotton, and vegetable industry is here. 
WETLANDS
The Lower Coastal Plain includes the actual coastal area of the state and the Sea Islands, as well as the Okefenokee Swamp. Although some agricultural activity occurs, the area is significant because of shipping and recreation associated with the Georgia coast.
Sources of water in Georgia are divided by geology at the fall line into the northern part,
Since most of Georgia's population resides in the Piedmont above the fall line, surface water, including water from rivers, must supply most of the state's water needs. Georgia's Yellow River rises just south of Lawrenceville in Gwinnett County and flows south to Lake Jackson.Yellow River
 which depends almost exclusively on surface water because of the underlying granitic rock types, and the southern part, which has excellent aquifers (bodies of rock porous enough to conduct water to wells and springs) and uses primarily groundwater. Unfortunately, since most of Georgia's population, including the entire metropolitan Atlanta area, resides in the Piedmont, surface water must supply most of the state's water needs.