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Philosophy

The practical nursing faculty accepts the philosophy of the Clarion County Career Center and has developed a philosophy for the practical nursing program which is consistent with and built upon the philosophy of the parent institution.

Nursing is a profession that emphasizes the caring process involving the promotion, maintenance, and restoration of health for individuals through their life cycle.  The foundation of all nursing practice is scientific principles and theories that support the uniqueness of the individual.  The nursing process provides the mechanism by which nurses assist individuals, healthy or ill, in meeting needs that would be performed had they the strength, will or knowledge.

Practical nursing is an integral part of the nursing profession and has a unique discipline of practice.  It emphasizes proficiency in basic nursing skills and techniques applied to the care of individuals and families in structured settings.  Practical nurses utilize basic communication techniques in applying the nursing process to their scope of practice.  Within this framework, practical nurses are responsible and accountable to the consumer, employer and profession for providing quality nursing care. 

An individual is a rational being who is capable of making decisions and accepting consequences for those decisions.  Each individual is an integrated whole consisting of human needs that are unique to the self.  The individual is responsible for their own well being and must make choices that affect one's health status.  As a social being, the individual is constantly interacting with and adapting to the environment. 

Society encompasses individual, families and communities and is ever changing.  As such, it impacts on individual well-being and personal development.  Society is the interaction of individuals that establish norms, values and codes of conduct organized for the survival of its members.  Diversity incorporates culturally and linguistically appropriate access to nursing care for all, unrestricted by considerations of gender, age, socioeconomic class, religious belief, sexual orientation, and physical disabilities, as well as race and ethnicity. 

Health is a dynamic process that is based upon individual perception.  Each individual possesses strengths, weaknesses and behaviors that influence placement of the health-illness continuum.  The individual's belief system establishes the foundation for independent living, adaptation to imposed limitations, and ability to cope with the usual stresses of every day living.  Most individuals/families require a degree of assistance with health care at some point in their life cycle. 

Education is a dynamic process in which knowledge is given and/or received through open communication among individuals.  It is a lifelong process in which the individual utilizes creativity, exploration and freedom of discovery for goal attainment.  The purpose of the education process is to foster growth by affecting a change in the behavior and/or attitude of the learner.  Nursing education provides the basis for implementation of the nursing process in the care of selected individuals within the health care delivery system.  Application of critical thinking is emphasized to maximize the educational outcome. 

The teaching-learning process requires the active involvement of both the teacher and the learner.  In this process, the teacher serves as the facilitator of learning and the learner accepts responsibility for individual education outcome.  The desired outcome of the teaching-learning process is best accomplished in a nurturing environment utilizing positive reinforcement to change the learner's progress in meeting established goals through communication with the teacher and through self-evaluation. 

Evidence-based nursing practices are embraced.  We are committed to improving education and the quality of care by assuring that individuals and families receive nursing care which has been demonstrated by research to improve outcomes. 

We, the practical nursing faculty, believe that there is a need for nonprofessional health care provides who have competency in performing nursing skills and techniques.  The program is designed so that learning progresses from the simple to the complex and builds upon knowledge.  We teach the individual to function within the legal and ethical scope of practice under the supervision of a licensed professional nurse, licensed physician or licensed dentist.  The faculty is committed to the concept that continuing education is necessary for professional growth and maintenance of currency in nursing practice of both faculty and graduates.