My publications are;

Book Publications;
  1. Petroleum and Mineral Resources 183, ISSN 1743-3533 (on-line).WIT Transactions on Engineering Sciences, Vol 81, © 201 WIT Press. 2.

  2. Advances in experimental medicine and biology. 1998. New York : Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. ISSN: 0065-2598

Journal Publications

  1. Shwan Rachid, Muayad I. Sawa, Sazan Q. Mawlud. Comparative Diagnostic and Analytical Performance of Molecular Techniques in Detection of Genital Herpes Virus HSV-2 Infection in Women. Submitted
  2.  Lena Nawzad, Mohammed Nawzad Sabir , Emad Manhal Al-Khafaji, Shwan Rachid. Bioavailability Enhancement of Silybin through Carbon 23 Acid Derivatization. JZS-A. 05/2015; 17(3): 180-188
  3.  Stefan Muller, Shwan Rachid, Thomas Hoffmann, Frank Surup, Carsten Volz, Nestor Zaburannyi, and Rolf Muller. Biosynthesis of Crocacin Involves an Unusual Hydrolytic Release Domain Showing Similarity to Condensation Domains. Chemistry & biology. 07/2014; 21(7):855-865
  4. Shwan Rachid, Rasheed,Kharman A.Faraj, and ParekhanM.Jaff. Vitamin D Status Among Women Living in Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region andHPLC-MS Analysis for Measuring Vitamin Din Organic and Non-organic Eggs. 2016, submitted 
  5. Shwan Rachid, Garcia, O. R., Wenzel, S., and Mueller, R. Polyunsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis in myxobacteria: Different PUFA synthases and their product diversity. Chem. Sci., 2014, 5, 1733-1741
  6.  Jeanette Young,  Shwan Rachid, Christopher N Boddy, Rolf Müller, Richard E Taylor. Elucidation of Gephyronic Acid Biosynthetic Pathway Revealed Unexpected SAM-Dependent Methylations. J Nat Prod. 2013 Dec 27;76(12):2269-76.
  7. Sabir, M. N.,  Shwan Rachid. Comparative Analysis of the Fatty Acid Pattern of Silybum marianum with Nigella sativa by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry. Iraqi J Pharm Sci. 01/2013; 22(1). 
  8. Shwan RachidMutation of RNA polymerase ß-subunit confers both enhancement of environmental bioremediation and antibiotic production in a Streptomyces species. Petroleum and Mineral Resources. Wit transactions on engineering sciences, Vol 81. pp. 279-291. (2012)
  9. Huo L, Shwan Rachid, Stadler M, Wenzel SC, Müller R. Synthetic Biotechnology to Study and Engineer Ribosomal Bottromycin Biosynthesis. Chem Biol. 9, 1278-1287. (2012)
  10. Quade,N., Huo,L., Shwan Rachid, Heinz,D.W. and Müller,R.  Unusual carbon fixation giving rise to diverse polyketide extender units, Nature Chemical Biology, Nature, 734. 2012  
  11. Shwan Rachid, L. Huo, J. Herrmann, M. Stadler, J. Bitzer, R. Müller. Mining the cinnabaramide biosynthetic pathway to generate novel proteasome inhibitors with improved bioactivity. ChemBioChem 12, 922-931 (2011). 
  12. Shwan Rachid, O. Revermann, C. Dauth and R. Mueller, Characterization of a novel type of oxidative decarboxylase involved in the biosynthesis of the styryl moiety of chondrochloren from an acylated tyrosine. J Biol Chem 285, 12482-12489 (2010).
  13. Ö. Erol, T. F. Schäberle, A. Schmitz, Shwan Rachid, C. Gurgui, F. Lohr, S. Kehraus, J. Piel, R. Müller, König and G.M., Biosynthesis of the myxobacterial antibiotic corallopyronin A. ChemBioChem 11, 1253-1265 (2010).
  14. Shwan Rachid, M. Scharfe, H. Blöcker, K. J. Weissman and R. Müller, Unusual chemistry in the biosynthesis of the antibiotic chondrochlorens. Chem Biol 16, 70-81 (2009). 
  15. S. Buedenbender, Shwan Rachid, R. Müller and G. E. Schulz, Structure and action of the myxobacterial chondrochloren halogenase CndH: a new variant of FAD-dependent halogenases. J Mol Biol 385, 520-530 (2009).
  16. Shwan Rachid, K. Gerth and R. Müller, NtcA-A negative regulator of secondary metabolite biosynthesis in Sorangium cellulosum. J Biotechnol 140, 135-142 (2008). 
  17. K. Buntin, Shwan Rachid, M. Scharfe, H. Blöcker, K. J. Weissman and R. Müller, Production of the antifungal isochromanone ajudazols A and B in Chondromyces crocatus Cm c5: biosynthetic machinery and cytochrome P450 modifications. Angew Chem Int Ed 47, 4595-4599 (2008).
  18. S. Schneiker, Shwan Rachid, H. Blöcker, A. Pühler and R. Müller, Complete genome sequence of the myxobacterium Sorangium cellulosum. Nat Biotechnol 25, 1281-1289 (2007).
  19. Shwan Rachid, D. Krug, K. J. Weissman and R. Müller, Biosynthesis of (R)-beta-tyrosine and its incorporation into the highly cytotoxic chondramides produced by Chondromyces crocatus. J Biol Chem 282, 21810-21817 (2007).
  20. Shwan Rachid, K. Gerth, I. Kochems and R. Müller, Deciphering regulatory mechanisms for secondary metabolite production in the myxobacterium Sorangium cellulosum So ce56. Mol Microbiol 63, 1783-1796 (2007). 
  21. Shwan Rachid, F. Sasse, S. Beyer and R. Müller, Identification of StiR, the first regulator of secondary metabolite formation in the myxobacterium Cystobacter fuscus Cb f17.1. J Biotechnol 121, 429-441 (2006). 
  22. Shwan Rachid, D. Krug, I. Kochems, B. Kunze, M. Scharfe, H. Blöcker, M. Zabriski and R. Müller, Molecular and biochemical studies of chondramide formation - highly cytotoxic natural products from Chondromyces crocatus Cm c5. Chem Biol 14, 667-681 (2006).
  23. V. Simunovic, J. Zapp, Shwan Rachid, D. Krug, P. Meiser and R. Müller, Myxovirescin biosynthesis is directed by hybrid polyketide synthases/ nonribosomal peptide synthetase, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA synthases and trans-acting acyltransferases. ChemBioChem 7, 1206-1220 (2006).
  24. C. F. Batzilla, Shwan Shwan, Engelmann, M. Hecker, J. Hacker and W. Ziebuhr, Impact of the accessory gene regulatory system (Agr) on extracellular proteins, codY expression and amino acid metabolism in Staphylococcus epidermidis. Proteomics Proteomics 6, 3602-3613 (2006). 
  25. Giuseppe Cacciatore, Michael Petz, Shwan Rachid, Regine Hakenbeck, Aldert A. Bergwerff. Development of an optical biosensor assay for detection of β-lactam antibiotics in milk using the penicillin-binding protein 2x. Analytica Chimica Acta - ANAL CHIM ACTA , vol. 520, no. 1, pp. 105-115, (2004) 
  26. C. Bergmann, F. Chi, Shwan Rachid and R. Hakenbeck, Mechanisms for penicillin resistance in Streptococcus pneumoniae: Penicillin-binding proteins, gene transfer, and cell wall metabolism. In The Pneumococcus. (Ed. E. Tuomanen, T. J. Mitchell, D. A. Morrison and B. G. Spratt) pp. 339-349, ASM Press, Washington D.C. (2004). 
  27. G. Cacciatore, M. Petz, Shwan Rachid, R. Hakenbeck and A. Bergwerff, Development of an optical biosensor assay for detection of beta-lactam antibiotics in milk using the penicillin-binding protein 2x. Anal Chim Acta 520, 105-115 (2004). 
  28. Shwan Rachid, K. Ohlsen, U. Wallner, J. Hacker, M. Hecker and W. Ziebuhr, Alternative transcription factor sigma(B) is involved in regulation of biofilm expression in a Staphylococcus aureus mucosal isolate. J Bacteriol 182, 6824-6826 (2000). 
  29. Shwan Rachid, K. Ohlsen, W. Witte, J. Hacker and W. Ziebuhr, Effect of subinhibitory antibiotic concentrations on polysaccharide intercellular adhesin expression in biofilm-forming Staphylococcus epidermidis. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 44, 3357-3363 (2000). 
  30. Shwan Shwan. Cho, K. Ohlsen, J. Hacker and W. Ziebuhr, Induction of Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilm formation by environmental factors: the possible involvement of the alternative transcription factor sigB. Adv Exp Med Biol 485, 159-166 (2000). 
  31. W. Ziebuhr, I. Lossner, Shwan Rachid, K. Dietrich, F. Gotz and J. Hacker, Modulation of the polysaccharide intercellular adhesin (PIA) expression in biofilm forming Staphylococcus epidermidis. Analysis of genetic mechanisms. Adv Exp Med Biol 485, 151-157 (2000).  
  32. W. Ziebuhr, V. Krimmer, Shwan Rachid, I. Lossner, F. Gotz and J. Hacker, A novel mechanism of phase variation of virulence in Staphylococcus epidermidis: Evidence for 

Conference Publications

  1. Genomics, DECHEMA Conference in Frankfurt, Largest Bacterial Genome of the anti-cancer producer (Sorangium cellulosum 56), DECHEMA center, Frankfurt 2007 
  2. Prokaryotic Matabolism Conferences (From Genome to Metabolome): Chondrochloren, a novel anti-cancer isolated from Chondromyces crocatus Cm c5. Department of Organic Chemistry/University of Berli Sepetember 2009 
  3. Petroleum 2012, First international conference on Petroleum and Mineral resources, Koya, Wessex Institute of Technology 3-6 Dec. 2012. 
  4. Mesopotamia Medical Conference, Mardin, Turkey 15-17 May, 2014.
  5. Third ICEEAS on 10-11 April, 2016 at Ishik University