Projects‎ > ‎

Taxonomic Reference Collection

The Taxonomic Reference Collection (TRC) is a set of accessions representing the main subgroups of cultivated bananas and the two wild species that are the origin of most domesticated bananas, Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana. The TRC was selected by the Taxonomy Advisory Group (TAG) of MusaNet in 2008 in order to represent as much as possible the entire spectrum of edible banana diversity and to serve as a tool to help resolve some taxonomic issues and improve the usability of the morphological characterization descriptors.

 The main objectives of the TRC project are:

     1.    To test the robustness of the standardized descriptors

    2.    To identify environmental factors that may influence plant morphology (by testing the TRC at field collections across different environments)

    3.    To promote the fully characterized accessions of the TRC as reference set representing the full Musa diversity

The TRC serves as an important training tool for students, curators, breeders and banana workers as it offers a broad overview of the diversity of bananas.

The collection currently comprises 29 accessions (originally 34) that are conserved and available for distribution at Bioversity’s International Musa Germplasm Transit Centre (ITC) in Belgium. The accessions were planted in 12 partner field collections and are currently being documented and characterized using 1) the minimum set of Musa descriptors (TAG 2016) and 2) the full set of Musa descriptors (IPGRI/CIRAD 1996).

List of the field collection partners involved:

  • BPI (the Philippines)
  • CARBAP (Cameroon)
  • CORBANA (Costa Rica)
  • EMBRAPA (Brazil)
  • FAVRI (Vietnam)
  • NARO Uganda)
  • NRCB (India)
  • IITA-Ibadan (Nigeria)
  • ITFRI (Indonesia)
  • IRAZ (Burundi)
  • SDR-MAP (French Polynesia)
  • USDA (Puerto Rico)


List of accessio
ns currently in the TRC:
 

ITC code

Accession name

Species or Genome group

Subspecies or Subgroup

ITC0081

Igitsiri (Intuntu)

AAA

Mutika/Lujugira (beer)

ITC0084

Mbwazirume

AAA

Mutika/Lujugira (cooking)

ITC0123

Simili Radjah

ABB

Peyan

ITC0245

Safet Velchi

ABcv

Ney Poovan

ITC0249

Calcutta 4

acuminata

burmannicoides

ITC0277

Leite

AAA

Rio

ITC0312

Pisang Jari Buaya

AA

Pisang Jari Buaya

ITC0361

Blue Java

ABB

Ney Mannan

ITC0450

Pisang Palembang

AAB

Pisang Kelat

ITC0472

Pelipita

ABB

Pelipita

ITC0575

Red Dacca

AAA

Red

ITC0587

Pisang Rajah

AAB

Pisang Raja

ITC0649

Foconah

AAB

Pome / Prata

ITC0653

Pisang Mas

AA

Sucrier

ITC0654

Petite Naine

AAA

Cavendish

ITC0659

Namwa Khom

ABB

Pisang Awak

ITC0662

Khai Thong Ruang

AAA

Ibota

ITC0766

Paliama

acuminata

banksii

ITC0767

Dole

ABB

Bluggoe

ITC0769

Figue Pomme Géante

AAB

Silk

ITC0825

Uzakan

AAB

Iholena

ITC1120

Tani

balbisiana

 

ITC1121

Pisang Lilin

AA

Pisang Lilin

ITC1122

Gros-Michel

AAA

Gros Michel

ITC1177

Zebrina

acuminata

zebrina

ITC1187

Tomolo

AA

Cooking AA

ITC1287

Pisang Berangan

AAA

Philippine Lacatan/Sgr. 555

ITC1441

Pisang Ceylan

AAB

Mysore

ITC1483

Monthan

ABB

Monthan

 

List of useful publications linked to the TRC:

·        Technical guidelines for the TRC (TAG)

·        Minimum list of descriptors for Musa (TAG)

·        Guidelines for taking the minimum set of photos for bananas (TAG)

·        Musa TRC catalogue (USDA - Puerto Rico)

·       A catalogue of Reference Collections grown in the Philippines (BPI, Philippines)


For any further information on the TRC, please contact the project coordinator Rachel Chase (Bioversity) at r.chase@cgiar.org


Comments