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SIGHT WORDS / WORD WALL WORDS FOR ALL STUDENTS K-5

It is important for children to become so familiar with the basic sight words that they can read them automatically.  This automaticity enables the students to use more brain power on comprehending what they are reading, which is the ultimate goal of reading.  Being able to read basic sight words also allows for more fluency in reading, which in turn also enables children’s brains to comprehend the material more easily. 

 

CCPS High Frequency Words for Kindergarten, First and Second Grade



The Why?  The Elementary Literacy Department has worked to create a scope and sequence for word wall words for Kindergarten, First, and Second Grades. The new lists are compiled from multiple sources, are supported by research (Blevins, W., A Fresh Look at Phonics, 2017; Richardson, J., The Next Step Forward in Guided Reading, 2016), and align high-frequency word introduction with the features students will likely encounter and use in their grade level reading and writing experiences. While the number of words recommended for Kindergarten has increased from 31 to 60, it is reduced from 119 to 57 in First Grade and from 109 to 60 in Second Grade. We are suggesting that teachers introduce 15 new words per quarter, a practice that will begin in the first quarter of Kindergarten and continue each quarter through the end of Second Grade (1st Grade, 1st Quarter has 12 words). Teachers may, of course, include additional words based on their individual classroom and student needs.


Important Notes and Reminders:

  • This is a suggested scope and sequence based on words most frequently seen in text at each grade level.
  • The list is built from Dolch Basic Sight Vocabulary, existing CCPS list, Fry 100, and American Heritage Word Frequency Book. (Dolch lists include 40 Pre-K and 52 K words)
  • Automaticity with words increases reading ability.
  • Words are formatively assessed (to determine mastery). They are NOT summatively assessed - no grades.
  • Exposure to high-frequency words is essential from the beginning of kindergarten, regardless of whether or not students have complete alphabet and letter/sound recognition. 
  • Teachers have autonomy and may add words to this list.
  • These words are not intended to be posted before instruction and connections are made for learning. 
  • They are designed to support reading and writing.

High Frequency Word List


K - 1st Quarter / Level A (JR)

a

am

an

at

be

but

can

go

I

is

like

me

see

the

to


K - 2nd Quarter / Level B (JR) DRA 2

as

ask

had

he

hot

in

it

look

man

my

off

on

up

we

yes


K - 3rd Quarter / Level C (JR) DRA 3/4

and

are

did

for

full

get

got

him

his

If

of

ran

red

run

sit


K - 4th Quarter / Level D (JR) DRA 4

big

good

here

let

may

no

not

play

pull

said

say

tell

well

will

you


High Frequency Word List


Gr. 1 - 1st Quarter / Level D (JR) DRA 4 *Assess all Kg words Week 1 & 2 to determine Ss mastery levels

all

by

call

fall

sing

small

than

that

them

then

us

when


Gr. 1- 2nd Quarter / Level E (JR) DRA 6/8

back

best

bring

brown

day

fast

from

her

she

they

went

where

who

why

your


Gr. 1 - 3rd Quarter / Level F & G (JR) DRA 10/12

black

blue

down

find

has

help

jump

next

now

one

three

two

was

what

were


Gr. 1 - 4th Quarter / Level H & I (JR) DRA 16

came

come

five

gave

have

little

place

ride

same

some

take

there

use

white

write


High Frequency Word List


Gr. 2 - 1st Quarter / Level J (JR) DRA 18

after

away

funny

into

looking

myself

never

number

only

open

other

over

people

today

yellow


Gr. 2- 2nd Quarter / Level K (JR) DRA 20

also

around

because

draw

eight

far

first

hurt

our

out

part

start

water

word

work


Gr. 2 - 3rd Quarter / Level L (JR) DRA 24

been

buy

clean

could

each

eat

green

keep

laugh

please

round

should

show

would

year


Gr. 2 - 4th Quarter / Level M (JR) DRA 28


about

again

always

another

before

even

every

found

going

light

together

through

very

warm

which





What should I do with word wall words for my kindergarten, first, or second grade child?

If you have a student in kindergarten, first, or second grade, you can help your student by practicing the word wall words of the week (which are sent home by the teachers) for a few minutes every day.  Practice the ones that have already been studied along with the new ones.  See below for some fun ways to practice word wall words.

What should I do if my child does not know or is struggling with the basic sight words?

If you have a student in any grade who is having trouble remembering the basic sight words, you can help your child by practicing the previous grades’ words. See below for some fun ways to practice word wall words.

If I have to practice sight words, is there a fun way to do so?

TIME THEM!

Practicing the sight words can be done in many different ways.  You can write the words on index cards and flash them to your child.  Be sure to begin with a lot of words your child knows and add just a few that are difficult.  As your child learns all of the words in the pack automatically and easily, add a few more difficult ones.  If you give your child too many difficult words at a time, your child will probably become very frustrated, and this task will become no fun at all!  Make it fun by seeing how many words your child can read in 30 seconds (or 1 minute).  Chart the number of correct words your child knows in a 30 seconds (or a minute) to see how it grows!  You can take a turn too! 

 POST THEM!

You can put a difficult word on a card and post it somewhere in your house where your child will see it frequently.  For example, put one on the refrigerator door at your child’s eye level.  Every time your child sees the word, she must say it, spell it, say it again.  Do just a couple of difficult words at a time.  Use a DIFFERENT location for each of the different words.  Be creative and fun with locations.  Let your child do some of the same for you!

GO FISH

You can make a deck of cards out of the same word wall words.  Make 2 cards for each word.  Play Go Fish with these word wall words.  Mix and deal the cards so that everyone has five cards.  Put the rest in a pile in front of you.  These make up the “GO FISH” pile.  When it is your turn, you will ask if someone has a card that matches one of yours….ask for a specific card.  Example:  If I have the word “and” in my hand, I might ask you if you have the word “and”.  Each matched pair is a set!  If someone has the card you ask for, she must give it to you.  Then you have a set!  Put down your set and can go again.  If the person does not have the card you ask for, you must pull a card from the “GO FISH” pile and give the next person a turn.  Continue until all the cards have been matched.  The winner is the one with the most sets.                                                                                  

CONCENTRATION

You can use the same deck of cards, with 2 cards for each word, to play Concentration.  Put the words down on the table in rows.  The first person to go gets to turn over two words and read them.  If they match, you have a match and get to go again!  If not, turn them back over in the exact same place and let the next person take a turn.  Keep your matches.  The game ends when all cards are matched.  The winner is the one with the most matches.


If you can think of a way to turn studying these words into games, you will all have more fun together practicing them!

 

Here is a link to a website that lists the 500 most commonly used words in the English language in rank order 25 words at a time.  This list might be helpful for students who are ready to move beyond the words listed for children in grades K, 1, and 2 above.  http://www.k12.wa.us/MigrantBilingual/pubdocs/TOPOFTHECHART.pdf

 

Questions to Ask Your Child As You Read

        

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