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2nd Grade

All second graders are provided a homework agenda and a homework folder at the beginning of the year. Students are responsible for copying their own homework assignments and getting assignments home and back to school daily. It is expected that students will be prepared for class each day by having all necessary supplies as stated on the school supply list. Parents should guide homework completion and check homework folders and agendas daily to help our students stay organized. Reading daily, practicing addition and subtraction facts and studying any necessary study guides are included as part of homework.

A second grade student is expected to put forth their best effort every day. This includes being prepared, working without disturbing others and working cooperatively with peers. Students should follow directions the first time given and be respectful to both adults and other students. We learn the most when everyone is prepared and doing their best!

A color system is used to manage student behavior. Students begin the day on “green” and move through a series of colors for misbehavior. Expectations, rewards, and consequences for student behavior are clearly set and the color chart is used consistently.

Language Arts
Our goal is for all second graders to become independent readers, writers, thinkers, and communicators. We will reach this goal by giving our students opportunities to read both fiction and nonfiction selections, which relate to all areas of the curriculum. They will also learn to use several strategies when reading to enhance comprehension, fluency, accuracy, and expression. Our second graders will expand their vocabulary by listening and speaking in classroom discussions. They will write stories, letters, and simple explanations; apply simple grammatical principals to writing; and locate information in reference materials. This will help prepare them for life in the 21stcentury.

Throughout the school year, our students will learn how to write an impressive paragraph. We use many learning tools to accomplish this goal. Our primary emphasis in second grade is on the six traits of writing. In addition, we will have regular grammar lessons interwoven during each school week.

Six Traits of Writing are as follows:

We choose an idea to write about.
We generate ideas before writing on the chosen topic. (Brainstorming)
We state our purpose for writing.
We write about things that we know about.

We use the Event Frame Model which includes a topic sentence, a beginning, middle, and ending sentence. First, we complete the Event Frame Model, and then do a Rough Draft copy, followed by the three stages of the Editing process, self-edit, peer-edit, and then teacher-edit. Last, we are ready to Publish our creative writings. An ideal paragraph in second grade has six well written sentences.

We express a variety of emotions through our writing.
We express our familiar ideas in creative ways.
The voice of writing allows us to express our individuality, and personality in our style of writing.

Word Choice:
We use verbs to create an active voice in our writing.
We stretch our sentences with the addition of exciting adjectives.
We understand that there are different ways to say things.

Sentence Fluency:
We write sentences that can be read with ease.
We vary our sentence lengths.
We increase our use of more complex sentences.

We form an awareness of writing conventions: spelling, punctuation, grammar and usage, and capitalization. Our goal is to make the writing flow smoothly.

All these writing traits are taught explicitly throughout the school year in our second grade classrooms.

Students in grade 2 are developing the skills to understand numbers and how they are used in their daily lives. The school year begins with students learning strategies to help master addition and subtraction facts, creating patterns, and analyzing information on different kinds of graphs. The students will learn how to use money and tell time on a clock and calendar. Before the school year is over, students will determine the place value of all numbers between 0-1000. They will be able to read numbers, write number words, and compare numbers to 1000. In the spring, students will add and subtract 2-digit numbers. The students will study geometry by looking at shapes around their world. They will identify and compare fractions. The students will use a ruler to measure length, a scale to measure weight, a container to measure volume, and a thermometer to measure temperature. At the end of second grade, students will be able to understand how mathematics is used in their daily lives.

The second grade science curriculum will focus on using a broad range of science skills in understanding the natural world. Making detailed observations and drawing conclusions are stressed as skills needed for using and understanding information. Living systems are introduced through habitats and the way in which living and nonliving things depend upon each other. Change is explored in the subjects of matter, weather patterns, life cycles, plants and animals.

Social Studies
We begin the year with a unit on citizenship and what it means to be a good citizen of our community and country. We will learn the names of our 7 continents, 5 oceans and how to locate our place in the world as we study map skills. Students should understand that we live in the city of Richmond, the state of Virginia, our country is the United Statesand we are on the continent of North America. Our nearest ocean is the Atlantic and our country is in the Northern Hemisphere.

Our study of American Indians will focus on the Eastern Woodland tribes, the Lakota of the Plains and the Pueblo of the Southwest. We will “journey” to Ancient China and Ancient Egypt to learn what life was like in these far off places more than 3,000 years ago. Our study of Economics will help us distinguish between needs & wants, goods & services and producers & consumers.