Science Classes

Matter  Study Guide


1.  Breaking glass is an example of what type of change? 


2.  How could you separate a mixture of sand and sugar?


3.  What type of substance is whipped cream?


4.  Substances formed from atoms of two or more elements are called ____.


5.  Which of the following warnings refers to a chemical property of a substance?

                shake well          fragile                   flammable          handle with care


6.  Sugar is made from a combination of hydrogen, oxygen, and carbon.  How do you know sugar is a compound?


7.  Which type of mixture is sand?


8.  A _______________________ is a heterogeneous mixture in which visible particles settle.


9. __________________ have no definite shape, but have definite volume.


10.  List three physical properties of copper.


11.  Is freezing water into ice cubes a physical change or a chemical change?


12.  Plasma is the state of matter that has _____________________ particles.


13.  The color of pen ink is a __________________ property.


14.  Define matter.


15.  Explain the difference between a homogeneous mixture and a heterogeneous mixture.



16.  The amount of energy needed to change a material from a liquid to a gas is called the heat of _________________.


17.  According to ______________________, if you decrease the volume of a container of gas and

        hold temperature constant, the pressure of the gas will increase.


18.  Compare the difference between condensation and evaporation.



19.  Which principle explains how planes can fly?


20.  A fluid’s resistance to flow is called _____________________________.


21.  With the exception of water, matter __________________________ when heated.


22.  Explain the movement of speed of particles in a solid versus the speed of particles in a gas.



23.  Whose principle determines whether an object will sink or float?


24.  The ______________________ theory explains the motion of particles in matter.


25.  Compare the difference between a physical change and a chemical change.



26.  Explain how the Tyndall effect can help you determine if a mixture is a colloid or not.


27.  What mixture has particles so small they cannot be seen with the naked eye?


28.  What does the law of conservation of mass state?



29.  ________________  is the state of matter of the sun and stars.


30.  Describe at least two indicators that a chemical change has occurred.


31.  What type of matter has a definite shape and a definite volume?


32.  Explain the purpose of putting expansion joints in the roadway of a metal bridge.



33.  Freezing, boiling, and evaporation are examples of _____________________________.


34.  Explain what two states of matter make up the colloid fog.


35.  Explain what two states of matter make up a marshmallow, which is a colloid.


36.  The ________________________(             ) is the SI unit for pressure.


37.  What is the upward force in a liquid?


38.  Explain why a gas has pressure.



39.  What is the temperature called when a solid begins to liquefy?


40.  Use Charles’ Law to explain why a hot air balloon needs a gas burner in order to work.



41.  The amount of force a fluid uses to push up an object is equal to the weight of fluid displaced by the object.


42.  When you decrease the volume of gas in a container, the pressure of the gas increases.  _________________ Ex: __


43.  Pressure applied to a fluid stays the same throughout the fluid.  ____________________________________ Ex: __


44.  As temperature increases, the volume increases, provided the temperature remains the same. ___________ Ex: __


45.  As the velocity of a fluid increases, the pressure exerted by the fluid decreases.  _______________________ Ex: __


46.  Define a fluid.


47.  How are temperature and kinetic energy related?


48.  When the word ‘kinetic’ is used, what is it referring to? 




Subpages (2): Matter Matter Study Guide