XV. First Aid

Safety First!


Good Safety Habits

· Always wear safety goggles when operating any power tool, weed-eating, using a lawnmower, or hammering (sometimes nails can fly up into your eye when hammering!).

· Unplug power tools when loading them, changing blades, or making adjustments.

· Never use power tools in the rain.

· Open windows and doors when painting inside for good ventilation.

· Wear LEATHER gloves when cutting and/or moving tin.

· Keep long hair in pony tails.

· Remove name tags when operating power tools.

· Be safe around of others when using tools, especially swing blades.  Keep an eye on each other and ensure one another’s safety.


Proper Use of Ladders

· Place ladder’s feet firmly on ground.  Make sure a ladder’s foot pads are secure on the ground.  Never shim a ladder.

· Have someone support the ladder when you are climbing up and down.

· Keep ladders away from electrical lines and pay close attention to overhead lines when moving an extended ladder into position.

· Walk the ladder up, hand over hand.

· To extend the ladder, brace your foot on the bottom rail, lift the ladder off the house, then extend (if the ladder has a rope, pull on it).  Make sure both locks catch.

· The best position for the ladder is one-fourth the extended length away from the house.

· Make sure it rests firmly on the ground.

· Use both hands when you climb the ladder.

· Most ladders have a label telling you what at what angle to set them.  Use this guide, making sure the ladder is not too steep or too shallow.

· The ladder should have both legs solidly on the ground.  Sometimes you may need to wedge boards under one leg or do some digging if the ground is very uneven.

· The ladder should extend 2-3 feet above the gutters.  It should not seesaw back and forth on one leg or the other.

· Never attempt to stretch when on a ladder.  If you can’t reach, move the ladder.

· Only ONE person on a ladder at a time!

· Never get on the top step of a ladder!

Table of Contents:

A.   Animal Bites

B.   Blisters

C.   Black Eye

D.   Bruise

E.   Burns

F.   Chemical Splash in Eye

G.   Chemical Burns

H.   Chest Pains

I.   Choking

J.   Corneal Abrasion

K.   Cuts & Scrapes

L.   Dislocation

M.   Electrical Burns

N.   Electrical Shock 

O.   Fainting

P.   Foreign Object in Eye

Q.   Foreign Object in Skin

R.   Head Pain

S.   Fractures (Broken Bones)

T.   Heart Attack

U.   Head Trauma

V.   Heat Cramps, Exhaustion, Stroke

W.  Human Bites

X.   Insect Bites

Y.   Nosebleeds

Z.   Poison Ivy/Oak/Sumac

AA.  Puncture Wound

AB.  Seizures

AC.  Severe Bleeding

AD.  Snake Bites

AE.  Shock

AF.  Spider Bites

AG.  Spinal Injury

AH.  Sprain

AI.   Stroke

AJ.   Sunburn

AK.   Tick Bites


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