Find Reference Sources

Speaking broadly, reference sources are sources such as encyclopedias, dictionaries, and directories.  Reference sources can be useful because they often offer general and background information on a topic.  It's an excellent starting place to your research.  And yes, Wikipedia is a reference sources too.

A few print sources that are available in the CalArts Library:

Stutley, Margaret. An Illustrated Dictionary of Hindu Iconography. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1984. Print.Oriental Art: A Handbook of Styles and Forms. English ed. New York: Rizzoli, 1980. Print.

The Muslim Almanac: A Reference Work on the History, Faith, Culture, and Peoples of Islam. Detroit: Gale Research, 1996. Print.

Archive for Research in Archetypal Symbolism. An Encyclopedia of Archetypal Symbolism. 1st ed. Boston: Shambhala, 1991. Print.

Knappert, Jan. The Encyclopaedia of Middle Eastern Mythology and Religion. Shaftesbury, Dorset ; Rockport, Mass.: Element, 1993. Print.

Michell, George. Hindu Art and Architecture. New York: Thames & Hudson, 2000. Print.

Electronic Reference Sources


What you’ll find

 Credo Reference

 Lots and lots of encyclopedias that include biographical  and background on subjects.  Good place to go shopping for topics

 Oxford Art Online    

(Source type: Reference) Encyclopedia-type of info, but a little more in-depth.  A very good place to start.  Includes the full text entries of the Encyclopedia of Aesthetics


(Source type: Reference) Background and biographical information; entries are often short, however this is a good starting place for you research.