Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the result of an external force that
causes physical and structural damage to the brain. It is one of the most
common injuries in the world. In fact, 1
million children sustain a brain injury every year (Brain Injury Alliance
Utah). Currently, 5.3 million people live with disabilities due to TBI (5.3
million is about the population of Minnesota).
To investigate the possible long-term effects of TBI, we qualitatively
and quantitatively evaluated three key components of brain injuries: mortality,
recovery, and cognitive decline. For mortality, we found that a specific oxygen
treatment would be more effective on the treatment of TBI than standard oxygen
treatment. In our test group, almost twice the number of the patients died while
in standard treatment compared to the effective treatment in the short-term. In
the long-term, however, the oxygen had no effect on curbing patient mortality.
For recovery, although a scale of urgency does not diagnose a brain injury or determine
the future effects of the injury, in this study the hypothesis that the lower
the urgency, the worse the outcome yielded true. For cognitive decline, overall, the telephone cognitive test showed little to no potential as a
possible predictor of long-term cognitive decline. The eye tracking showed some
promise as an effective cognitive tool, with 4 very significant metrics.
With a deeper
understanding of the long-term evolution of traumatic brain injuries, patients
and doctors alike will be able to learn of early onsets of cognitive decline
and dementia post initial trauma, which in turn, will aid preparations for
appropriate treatments. Because the long-term effects of serious traumatic
brain injuries permeate through a patient’s daily life and significantly affects
their family, it is crucial that more effective predictors are developed in
order to sufficiently plan for the patients’ future well being.
| Addison Gleekel
My name is Addison Gleekel and I am a junior. This is my
first year in Breck’s Advanced Science Research Program. My scientific
interests include medical and environmental sciences. Aside from my passion in
science, I am involved in several activities within and outside of the Breck
School. I play varsity soccer, junior varsity hockey, and varsity softball for
Breck. I also participate in Girl Up Club and Spoken Word Club. Outside of
school, I volunteer at the Children’s Hospital and am Religious and Cultural
Vice President of my Temple Youth Group. My dream is to become a trauma
surgeon, but I also have a strong interest in political science.
|| Hyun Soo Song
||My name is Brian Song and I am a junior. This is my first year in the Advance Science Research Program. Academically, I am deeply interested in statistics and chemistry. I also play attacking midfielder for the C-Squad soccer team, functioning as the team’s undisputed superstar and 3rd base and pitcher for the baseball team. My athletic achievements include leading the prestigious C-Squad team in goals and sacrificing my face in the infield, which has resulted in gruesome, yet valorous battle scars. Outside of school, I like to analyze films and perform statistical analysis on the NBA and social media that no one asks for. Most of my day is usually spent in traffic, jamming out to Jesse McCartney.
"Advanced Science Research has taught me how to adapt in times of adversity and failure, and how to have fun with science. I’ve learned to work as a team member as well as an individual researcher. Being able to adapt and work with another person towards the same goal are skills that I can use throughout the rest of my schooling and into the workforce."
"Through Advance Science Research, I learned how to work past adversity with creative solutions. The experience was extremely gratifying because it challenged my understanding of statistics and pushed my statistical abilities to new heights."
Honors & Awards
(2018) and Hyunsoo Brian Song (2018) worked at Hennepin County Medical
Center under the guidance of Dr. Uzma Samadani and Dr. Molly Hubbard.
Twin Cities Regional Science Fair
United States Army Award
Top ribbon, signifying qualification to the
Minnesota State Science Fair Competition
State Science and Engineering Fair
place Grand Award
Coulter Science Award for 1st Place High School Project
Wolfram Research Mathematica Software Award for