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Physical Education Glossary

Abdomen: the part of the body protecting the kidneys and liver. A.K.A. stomach or core

Accuracy: mistake free, precise

Anaerobic Exercise: exercise in which oxygen is used up more quickly than the body is able to replenish it inside the working muscle. (Ex: sprints)

Assessment: a method of evaluating student performance

Calorie: a unit of energy that is used to provide information about food or exercise production. (3,500 calories in a pound.)

Carbohydrates: an important source of energy commonly found in fruits and pasta

Cooperation: to work or act together for a common purpose or benefit

Dehydration: excessive loss of water, usually due to sweating.

Diet: the food a person eats

Dynamic Warm-Up: a movement routine that activates the muscles prior to a workout

Duration: the length of time in which an activity or exercise is performed. (minutes/seconds)

Effort: the amount of energy applied towards a task

Energy: the ability to work or perform. All energy is lost as heat

Exercise: physical activity or movement that helps make a person fit

Fat: a fuel source for the body that is also stored as energy. Often found in butter and oils

Fatigue: extreme tiredness or lack of energy due to physical or mental activity

Fitness: good health and physical condition usually resulting from a healthy diet and exercise

Goals: something that someone wants to achieve. SMART Goals = Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Relevant, Timely

Health: the condition of the spirit, mind, and body.

Heart Rate (HR): the number of heart beats occurring in one minute

Interval Training: hard exercises are alternated with easier recovery exercises

Isometric Exercise: contraction of a muscle which is held for a long period of time

Joint: part of the body where bones are connected

Leadership: the ability to guide, direct, or influence people

Muscle Contraction: a shortening of the muscle due to tension

Nutrition: food needed to keep the body healthy

Pace: the speed at which somebody moves, especially when walking or running

Pedometer: a device used to count steps

Physical Education: training in the development and care for the human body

Protein: an important source of energy that helps build and repair muscle (meat, fish, beans)

Pulse: a series of rhythmic beats or throbs

Recovery: to return to a normal state of comfort

Repetitions: the number of times a person performs a specific movement

Respect: a feeling of consideration or thoughtfulness

Responsibility: an act of honesty, trust, and accountability

Rhythm: regular pattern of beats

Sport: a competitive activity requiring physical skill

Sportfolio: a binder used to collect Physical Education material over time

Sportsmanship: playing fair, by the rules, and with respect for others

Static Stretching: performing stretches that are done without much movements or bouncing

Stationary: in place, without changing location

Target HR: the heart rate a person should strive for in order to reach their best fitness results

Teamwork: a cooperative effort of a group of people for common goal

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BMI: Body Mass Index: a formula used to determine health and fitness levels

Motor Skill: performance of a movement requiring muscle activity.

Gross Motor: control of large muscle groups for walking, jumping, running, sitting, crawling.

Fine Motor: control of small muscle groups for moving the hands, feet, fingers, and toes.

D.O.M.S. = Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness


FITT Principle
Frequency: how often you exercise
Intensity: how hard you work during exercise
Time: how long you exercise
Type: what type of activity are you doing

Health Related Fitness (BSAFE)
Body Composition: refers to the amount of fat and muscle mass in the body. Those with a higher amount of muscle mass compared to body fat, have a healthier body composition
Strength: the ability to apply force for a short period of time
Aerobic Exercise: physical activity that requires the heart and lungs to work harder to meet the body's increased oxygen demand (jogging biking, swimming)
Flexibility: the body's ability to stretch and bend
Endurance: the ability and power to perform for a long period of time

Skill Related Fitness (ABCSPRT)
Agility: the ability to change speeds and directions
Balance: a person's ability to remain steady and in control of their body
Coordination: the skillful and balanced movement of different body parts at the same time
Speed: the rate at which something moves
Power: a combination of speed and strength
Reaction Time: the time is takes for the body to respond
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