Every 30 seconds, a child dies of Malaria, a fatal disease most commonly found in Sub-Saharan Africa.  Although incredibly deadly, it can also be easily prevented and treated.

    The symptoms of Malaria are at first not easily identifiable. These include headaches, chills, fever and nausea. However, once the disease becomes more severe, it can cause a coma and eventually death.  Additionally symptoms appear differently, depending on the mosquito causing the disease and the person that it is transmitted to.  Malaria can also be more or less severe depending on the area. Typically, if the average mosquito lifespan is longer, more people get a more severe form of the disease. This occurs because the parasite needs time to mature inside of the mosquito. If the mosquito dies, the process can no longer take place.

    Additionally, Malaria can be transmitted differently. However, there is one common theme: that the Malaria always starts with a mosquito.  The disease can only be transmitted if the mosquito with Malaria bites the person and affects their blood. One way to minimize the impact of Malaria is “Vector Control.” This can be carried out in a number of ways. First, Mosquito nets are very simple, yet effective. It is a net worn over the body at night, so insects, including mosquitos are unable to reach the person. The other form of Vector Control is sprays that can be utilized in African households. Although the sprays can prevent Malaria, Mosquito nets are much more effective in reducing transmission.

    Finally, Malaria is a treatable, but more importantly, a preventable disease. Anti-Malarial pills are available to all travelers. These are extremely effective. Thus, drastically reducing the number of travelers affected by the disease. In addition, it can be treated, but that is much more difficult than taking pills before getting the disease. There are many drugs available that can kill the parasite in the blood. However, this is not always successful.

    Malaria has had many unfortunate effects on Africa. But there has been improvement. There are now a number of organizations and foundations dedicated to eradicating the deadly disease.