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About African Trypanosomiasis:
     Did you know that 25,000 cases of African Trypanosomiasis have been reported each year? African Trypanosomiasis (try·pano·so·mi·a·sis) is a parasitic disease that has changed the lives of over 20,000 people in and around central Africa, and in many cases, unfortunately leads to death or swelling of the brain. It is caused by a parasite that infects the tsetse (tset-see, tet-, tsee-tsee) fly. When a human is bitten by the fly, they will become infected. Those living in central Africa are more likely to contract it, and it can only be contracted in the continent of Africa. Mothers can also pass it on through pregnancy. Another way of the infection being transmitted is through blood transfusion. There are 2  stages to African Trypanosomiasis. In stage 1, patients will have fevers, and skin ulcers around the area of the bite. Stage 2 symptoms include headaches, flipped sleeping schedules (sleeping during the day, being awake at night), seizures, and weight loss. At any time throughout the infection, comas can occur. There are also two different types of African Trypanosomiasis: T.B. Gambiense and T.B. Rhodeniense, which require separate procedures when being treated. T.B. Rhodeniense is the less intense type, and the only type that can be treated with injections. Injections are not recommended for the prevention of African Trypanosomiasis though, as they are toxic and are to be used only when needed. One of the only ways to prevent this disease is just to be cautious and aware of the tsetse fly, and to consider insect control options, such as pesticides. In conclusion, African Trypanosomiasis is a terrible parasitic infection that, due to awareness and caution, is gradually getting better, with less and less reported cases each year.