Science Learning Targets

2015-2016 8th Grade Science Learning Targets 

Learning Targets

Over the course of the year, you will work toward meeting essential learning targets.  A learning target states exactly what you need to learn in order to be proficient in 8th grade science.  These standards will be addressed in contexts that promote scientific inquiry, use of evidence, critical thinking, making connections, and communication. The following is a list of your essential learning targets:

(NGSS) ALT 1 - Scientific Inquiry

I can design and conduct a scientific investigation that uses appropriate tools, techniques, independent and dependent variables, and controls to collect relevant data.

AST 1.1 - Question and Hypothesis: I can independently develop a testable question and hypothesis that can be scientifically investigated using data, identifying controls, independent and dependent variables.

AST 1.2 - Design a Logical and Safe Experiment: I can design a logical and safe experiment that uses appropriate tools and techniques. I can clearly communicate my procedure so that others can follow it.

AST 1.3 - Collect and Present Relevant Data: I can collect and present relevant data by independently constructing data tables and the appropriate types of graphs.data.

AST 1.4 - Analyze Data and Suggest Improvements: I can analyze data and/or observations and give evidence based explanations, identifying possible sources of error. I can communicate my results, suggest improvements, and propose new investigations based on the analysis of results.

(NGSS) ALT 2 - Engineering Design

I can design, construct, test and evaluate a simple solution to a defined problem using appropriate tools and materials.

AST 2.1 - Criteria and Constraints: I can define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.

AST 2.2 - Evaluate Design Solutions: I can evaluate competing design solutions using a systematic process to determine how well they meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.

AST 2.3 - Analyze Data and Create New Solution: I can analyze data from tests to determine similarities and differences among several design solutions to identify the best characteristics of each that can be combined into a new solution to better meet the criteria for success.

AST 2.4 - Create Optimal Design: I can develop a model to generate data for iterative testing and modification of a proposed object, tool, or process such that an optimal design can be achieved.

(NGSS) ALT 3 - Properties of Matter

I can explain how the motion and spacing of particles determines properties of matter.

AST 3.1 - Inquiry: I can analyze and interpret data to make conclusions about the structure and properties of matter.

AST 3.2 - Engineering: I can design, construct, test, and evaluate a simple solution to a defined problem using appropriate tools and materials.

AST 3.3 - Informational Text: I can read and use informational texts about the states of matter to answer relevant questions

AST 3.4 - Model Atomic Composition: I can develop models to describe the atomic composition of simple molecules and extended structures.

AST 3.5 -Model Particle Motion: I can develop a model that predicts and describes changes in particle motion, temperature, and state of a pure substance when thermal energy is added or removed.

AST 3.6 - Synthetic Materials : I can gather and make sense of information to describe that synthetic materials come from natural resources and impact society.

(NGSS) ALT 4 - Chemical Reactions

I can compare and contrast physical and chemical changes and describe how the law of conservation of mass applies to these properties.

AST 4.1 - Inquiry: I can analyze and interpret data on the properties of substances before and after the substances interact to determine if a chemical reaction has occurred.

AST 4.2 - Engineering: I can design a solution to a problem and then construct, test, and modify a device that either releases or absorbs thermal energy by chemical processes.

AST 4.3 - Informational Text: I can read and use informational text about chemical reactions to answer relevant questions

AST 4.4 - Conservation of Mass: I can develop and use a model to describe how the total number of atoms does not change in a chemical reaction and thus mass is conserved.

(NGSS) ALT 5 - Earth in Space

I can explain the Earth/Sun/Moon system and the role of gravity in the universe.

AST 5.1 - Inquiry: I can analyze and interpret data to determine scalar properties of objects in the solar system.

AST 5.2 - Engineering: I can design a solution to a problem...

AST 5.3 - Informational Text: I can read and use informational texts about space systems to answer relevant questions.

AST 5.4 - Model Earth/Sun/Moon System: I can develop and use a model of the Earth-sun-moon system to describe the cyclic patterns of lunar phases, eclipses of the sun, moon, and seasons.

AST 5.5 - Gravity and Motion: I can develop and use a model to describe the role of gravity in the motions within galaxies and the solar system.

AST 5.6 - Properties of Gravity: I can construct and present arguments using evidence to support the claim that gravitational interactions are attractive and depend on the masses of interacting objects.

(NGSS) ALT 6 - Change Over Time

I can show evidence for changes in Earth's organisms over time.

AST 6.1 - Inquiry: I can analyze and interpret data for patterns in the fossil record that document the existence, diversity, extinction, and change of life forms throughout the history of life on Earth under the assumption that natural laws operate today as in the past.

AST 6.2 - Engineering: I can design a solution to a problem...

AST 6.3 - Informational Text: I can read and use informational text about evolution to answer relevant questions.

AST 6.4 - Geologic Time Scale: I can construct a scientific explanation based on evidence from rock strata for how the geologic time scale is used to organize Earth’s 4.6 billion year old history.

AST 6.5 - Human Impact on Earth's Systems: I can construct an argument supported by evidence for how increases in human population and per-capita consumption of natural resources impact Earth’s systems.

AST 6.6 - Evolutionary Relationships: I can apply scientific ideas to construct an explanation for the anatomical similarities and differences among modern organisms and between modern and fossil organisms to infer evolutionary relationships.

(NGSS) ALT 7 - Natural Selection

I can explain how organisms change over time in response to changes in the environment.

AST 7.1 - Inquiry: I can analyze and interpret data to make conclusions about natural selection.

AST 7.2 - Engineering: I can design a solution to a problem that addresses natural selection...

AST 7.3 - Informational Text: I can analyze and interpret text to make conclusions about natural selection.

AST 7.4 - Gene Mutations: I can develop and use a model to describe why structural changes to genes (mutations) located on chromosomes may affect proteins and may result in harmful, beneficial, or neutral effects to the structure and function of the organism.

AST 7.5 - Natural Selection and Trait Frequency: I can use mathematical representations to support explanations of how natural selection may lead to increases and decreases of specific traits in populations over time.

AST 7.6 - Survival and Reproduction: I can construct an explanation based on evidence that describes how genetic variations of traits in a population increase some individuals’ probability of surviving and reproducing in a specific environment.

AST 7.7 - Growth of Organisms: I can construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for how environmental and genetic factors influence the growth of organisms.

AST 7.8 - Embryological Development: I can analyze displays of pictorial data to compare patterns of similarities in the embryological development across multiple species to identify relationships not evident in the fully formed anatomy.

AST 7.9 - Technology and Desired Traits: I can gather and synthesize information about the technologies that have changed the way humans influence the inheritance of desired traits in organisms.

 

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