Science Learning Targets

2013-2014 8th Grade Science Learning Targets 

Learning Targets

Over the course of the year, you will work toward meeting essential learning targets.  A learning target states exactly what you need to learn in order to be proficient in 8th grade science.  These standards will be addressed in contexts that promote scientific inquiry, use of evidence, critical thinking, making connections, and communication. The following is a list of your essential learning targets:

 

Earth Science

ALT 8 - Earth in Space

I can explain how gravity is the force that keeps objects in the solar system in regular and predictable motion and describe the resulting phenomena. I can explain the interactions that result in Earth’s seasons.

            AST 8.1 - Gravity   :  I can describe how gravity keeps the objects in the solar system in regular          and predictable motion.

            AST 8.2 - Rotation and Revolution  :  I can compare and contrast rotation and revolution.

            AST 8.3 - Phases of the Moon  :  I can identify the phases of the moon.

            AST 8.4 - Earth's Seasons  :  I can explain the interactions that result in Earth’s seasons.

            AST 8.5 - Sun Moon System  :  I can use a model that represents the earth, sun moon system and      explain moon phases, eclipse, equinox, solstice, tides and seasons.

ALT 9 - Earth's Geoshpere

I can describe the processes of Earth’s geosphere and the resulting major geological events.

            AST 9.1 - Layers of the Earth  :  I can identify the location of the layers of the earth.

            AST 9.2 - Layers-Phys and Chem Properties  :  I can compare and contrast the physical and      chemical properties of each layer.

            AST 9.3 - Rock Cycle  :  I can identify the parts of the rock cycle.

            AST 9.4 - Plate Tectonics  :  I can describe the evidences for plate tectonics.

            AST 9.5 - Types of Faults  :  I can compare and contrast the different types of faults.

            AST 9.6 - Types of Volcanoes  :  I can compare and contrast the different types of volcanoes.

            AST 9.7 - Earthquakes, Volcanoes, Plate Tectonics  :  I can analyze how earthquakes, volcanoes,        and plate tectonics are related.

            AST 9.8 - Rock Cycle and Tectonic Motion  :  I can relate the rock cycle to tectonic motion.

ALT 10 - Atmosphere and Oceans

I can explain the causes of patterns of atmospheric and oceanic movement and the effects on weather and climate. (Atmosphere and Oceans)

            AST 10.1 - Atmospheric Movement  :  I can describe the different patterns and explain the causes      of atmospheric movement.

            AST 10.2 - Weather Fronts  :  I can identify the different types of weather fronts and the conditions     that cause them.

            AST 10.3 - Ocean Movement  :  I can describe the different patterns and explain the causes of ocean movement.

            AST.10.4 - Weather and Climate  :  I can compare and contrast weather and climate.

            AST 10.5 - Atmospheric-Oceanic-Movements  :  I can explain how atmospheric and oceanic      movement affects weather and climate.

            AST 10.6 - Water Cycle and Weather  :  I can explain the relationship between the water cycle and      weather.

ALT 11 - Change Over Time

I can analyze evidence for geologic, climatic, environmental, and life form changes over time.

            AST 11.1 - Geological Change  :  I can analyze evidence of geological change over time.

            AST 11.2 - Climate Change  :  I can analyze evidence of climatic change over time.

            AST 11.3 - Environmental Change  :  I can analyze evidence of environmental change over time.

 

Life Science

ALT 4 - Evolution

I can explain how genetics and anatomical characteristics are used to classify organisms and infer evolutionary relationships.

            AST 4.1 - Anatomical characteristics  :  I can classify an organism based on its anatomical       characteristics.

            AST 4.2 - Genetic composition  :  I can classify an organism based on its genetic composition.

            AST 4.3 - Anatomical characteristics  :  I can infer evolutionary relationships between organisms        using anatomical characteristics and genetics.

            AST 4.4 - Evolutionary diagram  :  I can interpret an evolutionary diagram and determine how   closely related different species are on the diagram.

ALT 7 - Natural Selection

I can explain how species change through the process of natural selection. Describe evidence for evolution.

            AST 7.1 - Evidences for Evolution  :  I can describe multiple evidences for evolution.

            AST 7.2 - Natural Selection  :  I can describe the process of natural selection.

            AST 7.3 - Speciation   :  I can explain how speciation occurs.

            AST 7.4 - Fossil Record  :  I can relate how the fossil record demonstrates that species change over     time.

ALT 11 - Change Over Time

I can analyze evidence for geologic, climatic, environmental, and life form changes over time.

            AST 11.4 - Life Form Change  :  I can analyze evidence of life form change over time.

            AST 11.5 - Time Period  :  I can analyze how the rate of change or the time period that the change

         occurred in affects the ability to gather evidence for the change.

 

Chemistry

ALT 1 - Atomic Model

I can describe the atomic model and explain how the types and arrangements of atoms determine the physical and chemical properties of elements and compounds.

            AST 1.1 - Describing the Atomic Model  :  I can describe the atomic model, identifying the particles     of an atom and describing where they are located.

            AST 1.2 - Drawing Models of Atoms  :  I can draw accurate models of: different types of atoms;          different types of compounds

            AST 1.3 - Arrangement of Atoms  :  I can describe how the arrangement of atoms determine    physical and chemical properties of elements and compounds.

ALT 2 - Periodic Table

I can explain how the Periodic Table is an organization of elements based on their physical and chemical properties.

            AST 2.1 - Periodic Table  :  I can explain how the Periodic Table is a tool for organizing elements         based on properties and characteristics.

            AST 2.2 - Metals - Non-metals and Metalloids  :  I can identify the common characteristics of      metals, non-metals, and metalloids.

            AST 2.3 - Element Boxes on the Periodic Table  :  I can use the information in the element boxes       on the Periodic Table to determine the atomic number, atomic symbol, atomic mass, element name, and number of protons, neutrons, and electrons the element has.

            AST 2.4 - Families on the Periodic Table  :  I can compare and contrast groups and families on the      Periodic Table.

ALT 3 - States of Matter

I can explain how the motion and spacing of particles determines states of matter.

            AST 3.1 - Spacing and motion  :  I can compare states of matter in terms of the spacing and      motion of particles.

            AST 3.2 - Energy  :  I can describe how particle motion is related to energy.

            AST 3.3 - Density of a substance  :  I can describe how particle spacing affects the density of a substance.

ALT 5 - Conservation of Mass

I can compare and contrast physical and chemical changes and describe how the law of conservation of mass applies to these changes.

            AST 5.1 - Physical-chemical Changes  :  I can compare and contrast physical and chemical         changes.

            AST 5.2 - Law of Conservation of Mass  :  I can explain the Law of Conservation of Mass.

            AST 5.3 - Law of Cons-Chem-Phys Changes  :  I can describe how the Law of Conservation of Mass      applies to chemical and physical changes.

ALT 6 - Conservation of Energy

I can explain how energy is transferred, transformed, and conserved.

            AST 6.1 - Transfer of Energy  :  I can describe how energy is tranfered.

            AST 6.2 - Energy Transformation  :  I can describe how energy is transformed.

            AST 6.3 - Law of Conservation of Energy  :  I can explain the Law of Conservation of Energy.

            AST 6.4 -Describing Transformations  :  I can describe a series of energy transformations in terms      of the Law of Conservation of Energy.

 

 

 

Scientific Inquiry

ALT 12 - Scientific Inquiry

I can design and conduct a scientific investigation that uses appropriate tools, techniques, independent and dependent variables, and controls to collect relevant data.

            AST 12.1 - Testable Question  :  I can propose a testable question and hypothesis that can be   scientifically investigated using data, identifying controls, independent and dependent variables.

            AST 12.2 - Experiment  :  I can design a logical and safe experiment that uses appropriate tools        and techniques. I can clearly communicate my procedure so that others can follow it.

            AST 12.3 - Communicate  :  I can communicate relevant data through organized displays such as        tables and graphs.

            AST 12.4 - Communicate-Suggest-Propose New  :  I can analyze data and/or observations and give    evidence based explanations, identifying possible sources of error. I can communicate my results, suggest improvements, and propose new investigations based on the analysis of results.

 

Design Engineering

ALT 13 - Engineering Design

I can define a problem that addresses a need, and using relevant science principles investigate possible solutions given specified criteria, constraints, priorities, and trade-offs. I can design, construct, and test a proposed engineering design solution and collect relevant data, evaluating the solution in terms of design and performance criteria, constraints.

            AST 13.1 - Design Solutions  :  I can design multiple solution for a problem that addresses a need,     identifying the criteria and constraints. Then, I can prioritize possible solutions and explain trade-   offs in my designs based on the criteria and constraints.

            AST 13.2 - Prototype  :  I can construct a prototype of my solution using appropriate tools and materials.

            AST 13.3 - Test Solution  :  I can test my solution to the defined problem, collecting relevant data       from my testing, making and recording modifications that improve the design.

            AST 13.4 - Evaluate Proposed Solution  :  I can evaluate a proposed solution in terms of criteria         and constraints, priorities, and trade-offs, identifying possible improvements.

 

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