The Pawnee built their villages near rivers to easily get water. They lived near forests to get wood for fires. They farmed rich soil near the rivers. Women farmed corn, pumpkins, beans, and squash so they can cook them. They also ate a lot of buffalo. Rawhides were made into hunting shields, drums and tipi covers. They used tendons that were part of the buffalo's leg for thread, buffalo horns and bones were made into tools, spoons, and drinking cups. Buffalo hair was braided into rope and the shoulder blades were turned into hoes for the women to use in the cornfields.
The Pawnee were active participants in producing goods and controlling the distribution of natural resources. They were also included in various ceremonies pertaining food production, and harvest.