Best Science Teaching Practices

The 5-E Plan
  1. Engage
  2. Explore
  3. Explain
  4. Evaluate
  5. Extend
Begin each lesson with an brief activity that gets the students' attention... this is called an Engager.  Example:  give the students a handful of seeds to sort and classify.  Then set up a lesson that allows the students to Explore the concept.  Example: have the class plant seeds and observe for a few days. Then it's time for the students &/0r teacher to Explain.  The students can share what they learned about growing their seeds and the teacher can use the textbook or videos to support learning about plants. The  Evaluate and Extend steps are self-explanatory.
 Science is a Process... not a Set of Facts!
Most of your lessons should involve the students DOING science (measuring, observing, talking, prediciting, classifying, experimenting) rather than reading out of a textbook or watching a video.
 No matter how patiently you explain to your students you cannot understand for your students.

Students need to "do" science to discover the big concepts rather than being "told" the facts. 
For example, students can read about magnets and memorize the rules about like and unlike poles, but until the students actually use magnets  and feel the magnetic force they don't  really understand that "like poles repel."  
to your students and you'll discover their misconceptions .
 When you know what they are  thinking you can tweak your lessons accordingly.

 Know your ABCs

Rather than giving the student the vocabulary terms series and parallel circuits... build them first and then introcude the terms.
 Provide your students with multiple ways to demonstrate their understanding.
Multiple choice tests will not provide you with the clearest picture of your students' knowledge. 
 No one can learn something until they've begun to ask questions.
Do everything you can to get your class curious and excited and engaged.  Bring in current events, do interesting demonstrations,  share with them why YOU like science.
 Work in small groups.
 Small groups allow more students to be engaged at the same time. Students talk & teach & support  each other.
 Not everyone gets it the first time --- that's why there's a need for:
  • Tutoring
  • 2nd Chance Tests
  • More Tutoring
  • Reteaching
  • Lessons that tap into many modalities.

Please... Don't let anyone fail