in the sky have patterns of movement. The sun and moon appear to move across
the sky on a daily basis. The shadows of an object on Earth change over the
course of a day, indicating the changing position of the sun during the day. Earth
is the third planet from the sun in our solar system which includes seven
other planets. Rocks can be broken down to make soil. Earth materials in nature include rocks,
minerals, soils, water and the gases of the atmosphere. Attributes of rocks
and minerals assist in their identification. Most of Earth’s surface is covered
by water. Water circulates through the crust, oceans and atmosphere in what
is known as the water cycle.
Cumulative Progress Indicators (CPI)
Common Core Literacy Standards
Overarching Essential Questions
does the sun affect Earth?
is the position of the planets?
is soil formed?
is a rock?
is a mineral?
is the water cycle?
Overarching Enduring Understandings
rotation on its axis causes day and night.
revolution around the sun causes seasons.
is made of rock and decayed matter.
orbit in a set order.
moves in a cycle.
Unit Essential Questions
causes day and night?
many planets are there?
is the difference between a rock and a mineral?
are the steps in the water cycle?
Unit Enduring Understandings
spins on an imaginary line called an axis, resulting in day and night.
are caused by the angle of light from the sun as it hits the Earth.
planets in order from the sun are: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter,
Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.
is formed from rock and decayed matter.
mineral is a material that forms in Earth from non-living matter.
are made from two or more minerals.
moves through a cycle: evaporation, condensation, precipitation.
need to know how the solar system works in order to understand their place in
the universe. Understanding what Earth is made of makes students more
will learn that the relationship of the sun and Earth cause day and night and
the seasons. Students will learn that
there are eight planets that revolve around the sun in a set order. Students
will learn that rocks are composed of minerals. Soil is made of rock and decayed
matter. Water is constantly moving through the water cycle. This will be
learned through experiments, videos and focus lessons.
Model day and night and the seasons
using a flashlight and globe.
Observe and record length and
location of shadows to tell the time of day.
and graph length of day over the school year
rocks using a magnifier.
a model to observe how soil is formed.
a model of the water cycle made with a hot plate, pot of water, cookie tray
and ice cubes.
21st Century Skills and Themes
work cooperatively to conduct experiments
use science vocabulary in discussion.
predictions and formulating hypothesis and interpreting data
write their predictions, observations and/or interpretations using science
lab equipment, Internet, Kidspiration and Word for research and reporting.
Learning Targets/Scaffolding to CPIs
Students will apply their newly
acquired knowledge of the basics of earth science – interconnectedness,
cycles, growth and change; they will more deeply examine the earth’s elements
and its major cycles. This will
prepare them for future studies of landforms and weather events.
Axis - an imaginary straight line
through the center of Earth around which Earth rotates
Decay – to slowly break down or rot
Mineral – material that forms in the
earth from nonliving matter
Nutrient – a material that plants and
animals need to live and grow
Orbit - the pat an object follows as
it moves around another object
Planet - a large body of matter than
moves around the sun
Revolution - movement of an object in
an orbit around another object
Rock - a rock is made of two or more
Rotate - to spin on an axis
Solar system - the sun, planets and
their moons, and other objects that move around the sun
Star - a very large mass of hot
Facilitating, monitoring, and
Customizing Learning/ Differentiation
are engaged in partner or small group work.
Students support one another with their own abilities and learning
Language Learners will be encouraged to illustrate vocabulary cards with
appropriate clues to meanings.
Conversation using scientific vocabulary will be stressed.
more challenging texts and the opportunity for independent research.
group focus lessons to address needs as they arise during the unit. Whole group focus lessons.
Observation of students
Students written responses
-illustrating observations on lab
-writing observations and
-nonfiction supplemental reading
-read biographies of scientists
-read and write multi-digit numbers
-determine elapsed time
-basic understanding of difference between F
and C measurements; between US and metric measurements
-read how people have reacted to
changes in Earth and the seasons over time
-read how people have reacted to
changes in scientific learning over time
-use Word, Power Point and
Kidspiration to write reports
-use Internet for research
Foresman Science textbook
for Seasons, Gibbons
Notebook Lesson: Rocks and Minerals
Magic School Bus Blows Its Top
School Bus at the Waterworks
Magic School Bus Gets Lost in Space
and Revolution (segment)
to Know Soil
Activities for Inclusion in Lesson Planning
Guided reading of earth science texts
Use of multi-digit numbers –
distances of planets, etc.
Determine elapsed time – length of day
Write a report Using PowerPoint
Read text about the difference
between rocks and minerals. Write a
claim about one rock or mineral, citing arguments to back your assertion that
it is either a rock or a mineral.