Climate: Mostly desert; mild to cool winters with dry, hot, cloudless summers; northern mountainous regions experience cold winters with occasionally heavy snows that melt in early spring, often causing extensive flooding in the central and southern parts of the country
Type of Government: Mesopotamia was ruled by kings. The kings only ruled a single city though, rather than the entire civilization. For example, the city of Babylon was ruled by King Hammurabi. Each king and city designed the rules and systems that they thought would be most beneficial for their people.
Religions Practiced: Mesopotamians were polytheistic, or believed in many gods and goddesses. They believed in four primary gods of the hills, sky, wind and water. There were also numerous local gods that protected individual cities and kings. They tried to keep the gods happy and satisfied. If bad events occurred, like a drought, then they knew they had upset the gods. The king and priests were required to keep in contact with the gods to make sure they remained content.
Currency: Mesopotamians traded their surplus goods for items they may want or need. The Tigris and Euphrates Rivers made it easy to travel to other cities to trade. Eventually, they were able to trade with other civilizations like Egypt and China.
Social Class System: The social system was divided into a pyramid-like structure. At the top were the most important people, including the king, priest and government officials. In the middle was the common class, which included merchants, farmers, fishermen and artisans. Lastly, the bottom class consisted solely of slaves.
Other Important Facts: