APA NoodleTools Tutorials

Use for African American History Online, American History Online, Gale Virtual Reference Library, Modern World History Online 
Use for Issues & Controversies, Issues & Controversies in American History, CultureGrams, and Teen Health and Wellness

How to decide what type of source you have from a database: 

  • The source will ALWAYS have a publisher company immediately followed by a year (Example: Gale, 2016)
  • The source citation MAY have an editor, which automatically means it's a book (Example: edited by Steven Kiesbye) 
  • Sometimes you may see a city, followed by a publisher, and a year (Example: Farmington Hills: Greenhaven, 2015). 

  • The source title is long and contains words like: Journal, Review, Studies, Research, or Quarterly (Examples: Journal of American Medical Association, Review of International Studies)
  • Articles are scholarly, written for experts or members of the profession
  • Articles provide an abstract (summary) and list of references
  • Very few, if any, pictures or ads included
  • Volume and Issue numbers included in the citation (Example: 20.1 or vol. 20, issue 1) 
  • Often has many authors

  • The source title contains words like: Magazine, Digest, Popular, or Weekly (Examples: People Weekly, Psychology Today, Popular Science)
  • Articles are of general interest written for non-experts
  • Short paragraphs with headings, no list of references
  • Eye-catching photos, colorful ads
  • Publication dates are provided in the source citation rather than Volume and Issue numbers (Examples: 2 July, 2014, July-August 2013)
  • Usually only one to two authors

  • The source title contains words like: Times, Weekly, Herald, Journal, Gazette, or Inquirer, and often a city name (Examples: The New York Times, Philadelphia Inquirer, Wall Street Journal)
  • Articles focus on daily reporting
  • Very often page include a section and/or a page number (Examples: A4, Sports)
  • Source citations may include edition (Examples: Late Edition, West Coast Edition)