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Mount Kilimanjaro

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Location:
3 S 37 E Mount Kilimanjaro is located on the border of Kenya and Tanzania
Geologic Activity:
Mount Killimajaro is one of the 20 volcanoes in the southern end of the Great African Rift Valley. It is the highest and youngest volcanic cone is named Kibo. Kibo has not been active in modern times, but steam and sulfur are regularly seen coming from the crater at the summit. While some of the volcanoes in Rift Valley has erupted in recent times, many are considered extinct. The Rift Valley is home to the “Land of the Giant Craters” which are evidence of volcanic activity. The craters often fill with water as the ground sinks creating lakes that smells like sulfur as a result of the geologic activity. Because of the sinking and shifting of the Earth there are frequent earthquakes in this part of Africa.


Physical Description:
Mount Kilimanjaro rises out of the grasslands of The Great Rift Valley and is the tallest freestanding mountain in the world. The highest peak, Kibo, is 5895 meters (19335 ft) tall. Kilimanjaro is also considered one of the easiest peaks to climb. If you are in good health you can slowly walk us the gradual sides and get to the top without mountain climbing experience. The top is covered in ice and snow even though it is located near the equator.


Interesting Information:
The rock material coming out of volcanoes is similar to the rock material coming out of the volcanoes on the ocean floor. Scientists think that in thousands of years this rift valley will eventually drop below sea level and the ocean will fill in the valley.