CDV of the Week: #12 Equality

Unit 6: Civil Rights Movement (28-30)
Essential Question: How did the African American Civil Rights Movement influence other civil rights movements?

The courageous actions of individuals and groups following World War II moved the cause of racial equality to the forefront of American consciousness. Various approaches were taken by civil rights activists.   The decades of the 1950s and 1960s saw an expansion and enforcement of legislation regarding the protection of African-American civil rights as the Supreme Court struck down the concept of separate but equal.  As we read chapter 28, we will focus on the following:
  • the experiences/contributions of the following groups during WWII and the Cold War
  • Actions of the government: Plessy v. Ferguson, Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, KS, Civil Rights Act, Little Rock 9, Voting Rights Act
  • the leaders and strategies of the civil rights movement: integration of baseball, Montgomery Bus Boycott, March on Washington (1963), freedom rides, NAACP, SCLS, SNCC, Nation of Islam, and the Black Panthers
Unfortunately the move for civil rights - to be treated equally under the law - caused resistance and tensions.  Civil unrest occurred in several American cities and we will analyze the causes and results of the instances by looking at what happened in Detroit to other cities like Los Angeles (Watts).  We will also examine the response to these tensions as we examine the Supreme Court decisions of Mapp v. Ohio, Roe v. Wade, Gideon v. Wainwright, Escobedo v. Illinois, and Miranda v. Arizona.  

Moreover, the pressure for full equality for women intensified. Employment and educational opportunities began to expand for women in the 1960s. Women began to demand equal pay for equal work and equal job opportunities.  Inspired by the successes of the civil rights and women's movement in the 1960s, many other groups then demanded equality like American Indians, Latino/as, Asian Americans, etc.