Background Information

ART is an initiative developed by early‐career scientists as a continuation of the International Conference on Arctic Research Planning II (ICARP II) Marine Roundtable, an initiative of the Arctic Ocean Sciences Board (AOSB), now the Marine Working Group of the International Arctic Science Committee (IASC).

The ART Science Plan (Wegner et al., 2010) developed after the ART Initiation Workshop held in November 2009 in Fairbanks, Alaska, USA (Frey et al., 2010) was endorsed by the AOSB during the Arctic Science Summit Week in Nuuk, Greenland in April 2010.

In October 2010, the ART Implementation Workshop was held in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada (Wegner et al., 2011) in order to develop the Implementation Plan to accompany the ART Science Plan.

The two ART workshops were supported by:
ART originated from the impetus to merge the three marine ICARP II working group reports:
  • Deep Central Basin of the Arctic Ocean (WG4)
  • Arctic Margins and Gateways (WG5)
  • Arctic Shelf Seas (WG6)
to provide for a Panarctic interdisciplinary approach to studying Arctic marine change. Given that the ICARP II meeting occurred in 2005, ART aims at updating and refreshing the scientific issues raised within the ICARP II reports to a post International Polar Year 2007–2009 perspective.

A cross-cutting and interdisciplinary initiative such as ART is essential to meet the needs for increased interdisciplinary knowledge related to ongoing climate change and increased human activity in the Arctic marine regions. There is a need for an understanding of the spatial and temporal dynamics of the Arctic marine system as a whole, including transitions in sea ice, terrestrial input and gateway processes, and the impacts on marine ecosystems, their productivity and the consequences for biogeochemistry. An identification and understanding of projected and ongoing changes requires a Panarctic perspective and the inclusion of geological records.