Welcome to AlairWorld!


Under the First Section - The Origins of Islam

  • Introduction to Islam
  • Beginnings of Islam: The Life of Muhammad
  • Beginnings of Islam: The Hijra to medina and the conversion of Mecca

Start Here:

  • Contextualization of the development of Islam-video notes

Take notes for the last video for this section only, Contextualization. Take notes for all the videos and lessons under Part 2: The Spread of Islam

If you need help on the online quiz for Part 1, go back and watch all of the "Origins of Islam" Videos and read the lessons

Take notes on the video below

Origins of Islam Practice Quiz-do online

Part 2: The Spread of Islam

Watch all videos and read all lessons, then take the online quiz.

  • Spread of Islam-video notes
  • The Rise of Islamic Empires and States-reading notes
  • Spread of Islamic Culture-video notes
  • The development and spread of Islamic cultures- reading notes
  • Practice- do online

Take notes on the video below

Take notes on the lesson below

Take notes on video below

Take notes on Lesson below

Part 2 Do Quiz online

Chapter 9 Study Guide

Week of 12/10 Ch. 9 Islam- Test next Wed. 12/19

Monday-Turn in Cornell Notes when you walk in. Check your name off. Take your pic. Kick off Ch. 9 with textbook videos, start Ch. 9 Study Guide and PowerPoint (brace yourselves kids, this is a long one). Watch Khan Academy Islam lesson- 10 minutes per day. Crash Course Islam? If we have time.

New In-Class Assignments for Ch. 9: Do on separate pieces of binder paper: due test day- next Wednesday, 12/19

  • 1. Ch. 9 "Yellow Pages" answers 9.1-9.4 + Doing History (p. 399-407) (Label clearly!)
  • 2. Khan Academy Viewing Notes for 4 videos (Label clearly!)

Tuesday-Study Guide+ +Yellow Pages 9.1 (399-407), Keep answers/binder paper/one per day, Khan Academy #1

Wednesday- Study Guide+ Khan#2+Yellow Pages, 9.2

Thursday-Study Guide+ Khan#3+Yellow pages, 9.3

Friday- Study Guide+ Khan#4+ Yellow pages, 9.4 + Doing HIstory #1-4, hisTREE ornament due!

Khan Academy Video Titles (Absent? Go to their website)

Part 1: Introduction to Islam

Part 2: The Spread of Islam

Part 3: Golden Age of Islam

Winter Break Assignment ? Pending

Unit 3 Road Map + Fall Semester Final Exam (1/22 Per. 1+2, 1/23 Per. 4)

We are doing great! Our DBQ Writing Workshop was frustrating for some of us, but VERY useful. We are starting to get it! Next DBQ will be on, wait for it.....THE MONGOLS! We are wrapping up Unit 3 and will be done by the end of the semester. The last day of class is Friday, Jan. 18th- minimum day. Monday, Jan. 21st is a holiday MLK Day. Finals are min. days (out at 12:06) the week of Jan. 22nd. 2 Finals each day, 2 hours, T-W-TH and another min. day on Friday. Unit 3 Road Map details are in a google doc inserted below. I still haven't decided how we are going to get through it. Please keep checking in.

Ch. 9 Cornell Notes due Monday, 12/10 when you walk in

Fall Semester Finals Schedule- FYI- Plan ahead!

Monday- HOLIDAY- no school- MLK Day

Tuesday- 1st period 8-10 and 2nd period 10-12

Wednesday- 3rd period 8-10 and 4th period 10-12

Thursday- 5the period 8-10 and 6th period 10-12

Friday- all classes, out at 12:06

Winter break assignment? Stay tuned...

Your FALL final will be:

First hour= 55 Multiple Choice questions from the Practice Exam we have used 3 times. It is also online.

Second hour= Unit 3 textbook exam, p. 545 a-b, Outlines for the DBQ and LEQ- get started now!

Unit 3 Strayer Textbook Road Map + Fall Final
Ch. 9 CN Checklist
WHAP Writing Formulas

Week of December 3rd- It's DECEMBER!!!!!! (3 more weeks until winter break!)

Hi kids. We're doing great! Right on schedule, thanks to all of your hard work, patience, and positive mental attitude :) We will be half way through the book by January. You have one more week to read and take Cornell Notes on Ch. 9. C-Notes are due on Monday, Dec. 10th, when you walk in the door, with the self-grading sheet and score you give yourself (when you check your work).

This week we will mix it up a bit with some more DBQ fun! Please bring your DBQ Essay from English class- Responses to the Spread of Buddhism in China. We are going to "deconstruct" it. (I know you are sick and tired of it, but trust me, this will be worth your time). This is where the learning takes place! It's not stupid, it is different.

Monday- Correct Yellow Pages from Ch. 8 in groups of 3

Tuesday- Writing Practice-Deconstructing your DBQ

Wed- Writing Practice

Thursday- More writing, plus class time for hisTREE ornament

Friday- Even more writing + Mongols DBQ kick-off Day!

(Heads-up! Ch. 9 Cornell Notes due Monday, Dec. 10th. Start NOW!)

Week of 11/26 Welcome Back!

Our hearts go out to all of the families who lost their loved ones and homes in the Paradise Fire. Students and families- thank you for your patience and support at school with all the smoke. It wasn't easy for any of us. Times like those call for you to dig deep and use your SUPER GAMAN POWERS! I hope your break went smoothly and that you got a lot of rest...and did Ch. 8 and watched all of the Crash Course videos. And congratulations for the 100% on your Ch. 7 Test! ;)

Monday- Turn in your homework for the break- correct it. Discuss Ch. 8-watch the two, short Strayer Intro videos from the textbook publisher.

Tuesday- Ch. 8 PowerPoint + Study Guide

Wednesday- Correct Unit 2 Test, Ch. 8 study guide

Thurs.- Next DBQ! The Black Death- with a friend- Zombie Apocalypse- What would you do?

Friday- Ch. 8 Test- Talk about Ch. 9- TBD

And just to help you process and understand why we need to read and analyze every single word in the textbook, my CSUS daughter (Poli Sci major) was complaining....."Why is there so much reading in college?! I never had to read this much before. And you have to understand it and remember it and analyze it, and be tested on it, and....and UGH! WHY ARE THEY MAKING ME READ SO MUCH?!?!?!?!"

Not being able to sit down and read and take thorough notes, that are useable later to study with, will be a huge problem for you in college. We don't do enough of it in high school anymore. You would be mad at me if I didn't make you read and then you showed up at Harvard for your first semester and you weren't able to hack it....because there was so much reading! Am I right? I know it is boring. It is not fun, and you wanna YouTube it and just watch a fun video on it. Guess what? Everybody wants to do that. It is normal. (Did I just call you normal?) So, suck it up buttercup and start training your brain now. You need to get your attention span in condition. Train your brain! Cuz, guess what- you are already in college, yo-

You can do this!

Because you are good enough, and smart enough, and gosh darn it, people like you!

Life Lessons from Stuart Smalley

Reminder: Unit Vocabulary FLASHboxes are due on the Unit Test Day. The Unit Tests are the last two pages of every chapter. I put the entire vocab list for all units on the website vocab page and it is poster here again, for your convenience. Please stay ahead of the game. The unit vocab lists get longer, and longer, and longer as we go on. Brace yourself for Unit 6- don't peek, you'll only get sad and angry- sangry.

Cheer up! Things will get worse, kid!

All Units-Vocab Flash Boxes
Chapter 8 Study Guide
Ch 9 SIMPLE OUTLINE strayer 2e osg chapter 09 outline
Chapter 9 Study Guide

Week of 11/13- 4 day week

Tuesday- Ch. 7 Publisher Preview videos, Start Study Guide, Thanksgiving Break Assignment due 11/26. Scroll down for details.

Wednesday-More Study Guide, plus

Thursday-Finish Study Guide, plus

Friday- Ch. 7 Test


Directions: Due 11/26 when you walk in. Two parts- Textbook Ch. 8, Crash Course

Ch. 8- GRQ's, Ch. 8 Yellow Pages (All red bullet point questions + Doing History Questions

Fill-in-the-blanks Crash Course: #4, 8, 11, 12, 18 (Caution-Changed from original plan)

Directions: AP Thanksgiving Break World History Assignment

Week of 11/5

Ch. 7 C-Notes due this Friday, 11/9

All Ch. 6 Stuff due Tuesday: Study Guide, Class Notes, Take Test

Monday- Unit 2 Practice Exam in class- no notes, p. 271a-b

Unit 2 Vocab FLASHboxes due Monday

Monday- Take Unit 2 Test, Turn in Vocab

Tuesday-Take Ch. 6 Test, Turn in Study Guide, Class Notes for Ch. 6, also continue taking Practice AP Multiple Choice test- bring your answer paper.

Wed. - Start Unit 3- Unpacking the Key Concepts, 600-1450 Trade Networks

Silk Road, Sea Road, Sand Road, Indian Ocean Trade

Empires: Tang, Song, Khmer, Mongols, Timur, Ming

Islam/Muhammad, Abbasid caliphate, Christianity/Crusades, Ottoman, Deli Sultanate, Byzantine, Kievan Rus,

Ghana, Mali, Songhai, Swahili, Fulbe, Mali, Mansa Musa, Trans-Saharan trade-Silk Road

Maya, Aztec, Tonga, Pohnpei, Chaco

Thurs- Intro to Ch. 7 (ppt and videos) SILK ROAD, Outline and Ch. 7 Study guide available (scroll down) hard copy on counter.

Friday- Con't Ch. 7, Crash Course Catch-up and mustard

New find! Khan Academy has an APP for all AP courses-





Week of 10/29


Ch. 6 Test on Tuesday, 11/6: Turn in-Study Guide, Map, Notes


Unit 2 Vocab. FLASHboxes (89 words!)

Unit 2 in-class Test, p. 271a-b: Multiple Choice, Short Answer Question, Document Based Question-OUTLINE, Long Essay Question-OUTLINE.

NEXT Friday, 11/9: Cornell Notes, Ch. 7

New Assignment due 11/2- Label Unit 2 Map

Due Friday 11/2: Map, Study Guide Ch. 6, Ch. 6 Test

Due Monday: Unit 2 Vocab FLASHboxes, Unit 2 Test-p. 271a-b-outlines only for DBQ and LEQ

Due 11/9: Cornell Notes for Ch. 7

(Ch. 7 Cornell Notes stuff? Scroll down)

You are Teaching Ch. 6- see directions

Presentations Wed and Thurs. TAKE NOTES (no time to work on your chunk in class)

Deliverables for Ch. 6

• 20 min. Ch. 6 Test this Friday, 11/2- MINIMUM DAY out at 12:06.

• Study Guide due this Friday, 11/2

• Ch. 6 PIRATES lecture notes due Friday, 11/2

• Ch. 6 GRQ’s due this Friday

A little each day.....

  • Revisiting Unit I Test
  • Preparing for Unit II Test OUTLINES: DBQ & LEQ


11/5 MONDAY- Unit 2 Vocab FLASHboxes (a lot)

11/5 MONDAY- Unit 2 Textbook test- p. 271-a-b, all OUTLINES ONLY for DBQ and LEQ

Ch. 7 C-Notes due 11/9

Ch. 6, P.I.R.A.T.E.S Civilizations Lesson- YOU are the Teacher!

Get with your peeps and teach the class

Select a portion/section/chunk of Ch. 6

Objective: Present a PIRATES CIV lesson to the class. Class will take notes; turn in for points.

• How to: Read your chunk, take PIRATES notes, answer GRQs, and write down Green AP Tips.

• Find the Study Guide Question that go with your section. Teach the class the answers (Ch. 6 test)

• Lesson PLAN-Teach all of this to the class- lecture (PIRATES, GRQ’s, AP Tips, Study Guide Answers)

• Visual aid: you decide

• Assessment- How will you test student understanding? (Create a test/quiz/game/task)

CH. 7 OUTLINE for C-Notes

CH 7 SIMPLE OUTLINE strayer 2e osg chapter 07 outline
Ch 7 2018-19 CN Grading Rubric

Week of 10/22

Great job on Homecoming kids!

Week at a glance:

  • Monday- Ch. 5- Turn in C-Notes, Complete 1/2 of Ch. 5 Study Guide
  • Tuesday- Do Yellow Pages for Ch. 4. Bring completed answers to class on Wed to show me. Practicing DBQ with pics- analyzing any kind of "doc"- art, photo, statue, painting, map, chart, graph
  • WED-Mastering the Docs of the DBQ---or is it BBQ? Bring your stuff and be prepared to play "Show me the Evidence!"
  • Thursday- Finish study guide for Ch. 5 test tomorrow
  • Friday- Ch. 5 Test, turn in study Guide

New Dates:

  • Unit 2 Vocab due 11/5
  • Unit 2 Textbook test p. 271a-b, 11/5
  • Ch. 7 C-Notes due TBD get started!
  • Ch. 6 in class next week. GRQ's + +

Ch. 5 Handouts for Cornell Notes, Due 10/22, Monday, hard copies on counter

Ch 5 2018-19 CN Grading Rubric

HIPPO Posters final-Ellington modified (1)
Ch. 5 Outline

Happy Homecoming!

Week of 10/15

Religion Poster due this Friday-Rubric below

Monday-Cozy Day

  • Name that Hindu Deity!
  • FInish Study Guide COMPLETE
  • DBQ- continue planning/Outline:
    • Take-Aways: Chronologically Specific Attitudes- How to "show" in your writing
    • "Student essays showed no sense of, "Chronologically Specific Attitudes."
    • "Students ignored the dates of the DOCUMENTS almost completely."
    • Historical Thinking Skills/Grading Rubric- 7 points possible on exam essay
      • Analyzing Historical Sources and Evidence
      • Contextualization
      • Chronological Reasoning

Tuesday-Twin Day

  • DBQ
  • Historical Thinking Skills

Wed.- Pink Day


Thurs.-Kids Day

Chapter 4 Test-35 Multiple Choice (MC)

Fri- Superhero Day!

Rally + Football Game

10/19 Religion POSTER: Grading Rubric

1. BIG Symbol

2. Name

3. Origin: Founder, date, location

4. God(s)/main idea

5. Sacred Text: (Bible, etc.)

6. Tenants-What they believe

7. Fun fact! (other)

Week of 10/8

New Due Dates: Ch. 4 Test next Thurs. 10/18

Chapter 5 C-Notes Assigned- Due Monday, 10/22 (After Homecoming)


Turn in Cornell Notes Ch. 4

Start Ch. 4 PowerPoint/Study Guide - Religion


Practice AP Multiple Choice Test- Surprise!

Wed- PSAT 8:00-12:00 (20 minutes periods after that)

Thurs- More DBQ Fun! (Bring your stuff)

Friday-Ch. 4 Study Guide

SAQ How To

Week of Oct. 1st

How To DBQ Links above- watch and take notes

Monday- Con't Ch. 3 PowerPoint/Study Guide

Tuesday-Finish Ch. 3 Study Guide.

Start "HOW TO DBQ!" Here's the Q: Use the docs to analyze the RESPONSES to the spread of Buddhism in China.

Wed- Ch. 3 multiple choice test, 30 Q's, Study Guide due

Thurs-DBQ How To con't

Friday-More FUN w/DBQ's!!!! My favorite day??!!

Chapter 4/Unit 2, 2.1 Religion Student YouTube

Great job this week kids! We'll finish the powerpoint for Ch. 3 and have the test on Wed. 10/3. Then we'll start Ch. 4 on the spread of new religions. Get started on those Ch. 4 Cornell Notes! A page a day- that's all I ask.

The Week of 9/24


  • Turn in Unit 1 Vocab "Flash Boxes"
  • Turn in Ch. 3 Cornell Notes
  • Take Unit 1 AP Practice EXAM, p. 95 a-b. Study and prepare outlines at home, memorize them at home. Complete exam in class in 1 class period- no notes. Use textbook and your brain. Write bullet points for SAQ, write outlines with bullet points for DBQ and LEQ.


Fun with PIRATES! How to put your themes in "buckets," or categories, to use as evidence to support your argument in exam essays

Unit 2 =Flash Box Words on counter

Start Ch. 3 Study Guide/Ppt lecture- do around 5 questions, Test on 10/3

Ch. 3 Test on 10/3

Ch. 4 Cornell Notes assigned last week. Due on 10/8


Unit 2 Key Concepts on counter


More study guide, Ch. 3, Correct Summer Assignment con't


Fun with Key Concepts! Unit 2

18-19 VOCAB BOXES Blank
All Units-Vocab Flash Boxes
Ch 4 SIMPLE OUTLINE strayer 2e osg chapter 04 outline
Ch 4 Study Guide
Ch. 4 CN Grading Rubric

Must Know DATES

9/14 Turn in Opener

9/19 Ch. 1 & 2 Test

9/19 Ch. 1 & 2 Study Guide Due

9/24 Ch. 3 Cornell Notes

9/24 Unit 1 Vocab.

9/24 Unit 1 95a-b Exam, Prepare Ahead,

NYC 1987

@ bottom of World Trade Center, 1987

9-11 Memorial, NYC 2016

2,753 people @WTC/NYC perished on Sept. 11th, 2001

September 11, 2001

Never Forget.


Kai zoku


Week of: 9/10

WHAP Brigade is on patrol! Things are moving fast, so utilize your resources to stay ahead of the game. This week/new assignments/due dates:

  • "How To" - Cornell Notes for Ch. 3, due Monday, 9/24, see file below for template/directions/outline
  • Fun with AP Themes! - PIRATES- How to wield them as weapons in the battle against....I mean use them as academic "tools" to organize and sort historical evidence into thematic categories in order to support your thesis on World History AP exam essays. (Put stuff in buckets)
  • Ch. 1 & 2 Study Guide- due 9/19 at beginning of class. Ppt Lecture/Study Guide for "hybrid" test on 9/19.
  • Tamm's Textbook Tools, Ch. 1 & 2 due 9/24 (handout)
  • Unit 1 Test (from textbook) p. 95a-b, write outlines only, not full essays. Prepare at home and come ready to finish in one period. No notes, just your hard work and imagination.

Cornell Notes Ch. 3-Outline Rubric
Copy of CN Ch. 3 Check List Rubric Grading Rubric

Kramer Basic Cornell Notes- Step-by-Step How to https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9ITVc0ZdCWk

Caramagno Basic Cornell- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lu7WM_fmR1k

Caramagno Advanced Cornell- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lu7WM_fmR1k

Sketchnoting for College Students https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l8qT7zAPcKk

Cornell Notes + Sketchnoting Mashup https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pZgMpjjgCRA

AlairWorld Notetaking Method:

"C, See, Sea" Notes

Thomas Frank: "How To" - FLASHCARDS https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mzCEJVtED0U&t=55s

Study Less Study Smart

Crash Course Study Skills (taking notes +++) Thomas Frank


CollegeInfoGeek (I like this guy! He's good!) (Frank Thomas)

Complete series: https://collegeinfogeek.com/get-better-grades/

お疲れ様でした!(O-tsu-ka-re-sama-deshita!) (You must be a Mr. Tired)

Great job last week. We're off and running.

  • Ch. 1 & 2 Test combined, 9/19
  • Unit 1 Test, in textbook, p. 95a-b, all, write outlines, not essays, 9/24
  • Unit 1 Vocab boxes due 9/24
  • Don't forget our WHAP Intro. Quiz on Friday, 9/7.

Intro. Quiz covers course details and exam format. In case you missed it:

Please add types of essays: SAQ, DBQ, LEQ

  • Take a pic of your face in front of AP College Board account login-WITH YOUR NAME
  • Take a pic of your face in front AlairWorld website
  • Sign-up for Remind App account- no pic required. I can see your name on my app list.

Welcome to the WHAP Brigade!

We shall defend our WHAP CLASSROOM, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight in the HALLWAYS, we shall fight in the CAFETERIA, we shall fight in the GYM and in the TEACHER PARKING LOT, we shall fight in the LIBRARY; we shall never surrender!

-Winston Alair and Allison Churchill, 2018

Your positive attitude and teamwork will help make this the best RHS WHAP year ever. Thank you in advance for being patient, supportive, and involved. The more you participate and study, the better your chances of passing the exam on May 16th. This is a college level course with a college textbook. This is your first AP class and your first AP Exam. I will treat you like college students, which means that you are responsible for your own learning. We are a team and I am your coach. You are teaching yourself world history. I am here to provide resources, guidance, direction, inspiration, and a safe environment where learning can take place. If you don't pass, you are 100% responsible. For some of you, this will require a shift in your study style/plan/pace/approach. This will require a great deal of patience and you will experience a great deal of frustration and maybe some anger. Just please remember that you are really mad at yourself, not me. You will need to take responsibility for all of your choices. If you don't do well, it is because you did not plan well and you did not spend enough time reading, reviewing, and studying. You are going to develop the great Japanese skill of "gaman" 我慢 (がまん). "Gaman" is the Japanese concept of "enduring the seemingly unbearable with patience and dignity." It really means "just suck it up." You will also become very resilient- able to bounce back. We are all going to make a lot of mistakes, and that's o.k!

2018-19 AP World History Summer Assignment Link

Video Links for Summer Assignment (Also on Word google doc/assignment sheet)

Guns, Germs and Steel, Episode 1

Crash Course #1-Ag. Rev.

Crash Course #2- Indus River Valley

Mesopotamia- Return to Eden

Under Construction! Look away! Look away!

Ryoma Sakamoto, Pirate

For ALL Alair AP World History Students

Please get the "Remind" classroom app on your phone/computer so we can communicate during the summer and all year. Click the link below for directions: Enter #81010 on your phone and text "@aalair"

Click here to add yourself to the Remind classroom communication app

Create an AP College Board Account- link

AP World History Course & Exam Description--link

Link to Historical Thinking Skills College Board Website-link

AP World History Themes

There are 5 themes in AP world history: Environment (ENV), Culture (CUL), State Building (SB), Economics (ECON), Social Structures (SOC)

We will categorize everything we learn into themes- events, concepts, patterns, people, etc. This will make it easy to compare and contrast, memorize specific examples, and pre-package big ideas (like trade, religion, empire rise/fall, labor systems, gender roles) so you can use them to support your arguments in detail when you are writing essays for the exam.

Theme 1

Interaction Between Humans and the Environment

• Demography and disease

• Migration

• Patterns of settlement

• Technology

The interaction between humans and the environment is a fundamental theme for world history. The environment shaped human societies, but increasingly human societies also affected the environment. During prehistory, humans interacted with the environment as hunters, fishers and foragers, and human migrations led to the peopling of the earth. As the Neolithic revolution began, humans exploited their environments more intensively, either as farmers or pastoralists. Environmental factors such as rainfall patterns, climate, and available flora and fauna shaped the methods of exploitation used in different regions. Human exploitation of the environment intensified as populations grew and as people migrated into new regions. As people flocked into cities or established trade networks, new diseases emerged and spread, sometimes devastating an entire region. During the Industrial Revolution, environmental exploitation increased exponentially. In recent centuries, human effects on the environment — and the ability to master and exploit it — increased with the development of more sophisticated technologies, the exploitation of new energy sources and a rapid increase in human populations. By the 20th century, large numbers of humans had begun to recognize their effect on the environment and took steps toward a “green” movement to protect and work with the natural world instead of exploiting it.

Theme 2

Development and Interaction of Cultures

• Religions

• Belief systems, philosophies and ideologies

• Science and technology

• The arts and architecture

This theme explores the origins, uses, dissemination and adaptation of ideas, beliefs, and knowledge within and between societies. Studying the dominant belief system(s) or religions, philosophical interests, and technical and artistic approaches can reveal how major groups in society view themselves and others, and how they respond to multiple challenges. When people of different societies interact, they often share components of their cultures, deliberately or not. The processes of adopting or adapting new belief and knowledge systems are complex and often lead to historically novel cultural blends. A society’s culture may be investigated and compared with other societies’ cultures as a way to reveal both what is unique to a culture and what it shares with other cultures. It is also possible to analyze and trace particular cultural trends or ideas across human societies.

Theme 3

State-Building, Expansion and Conflict

• Political structures and forms of governance

• Empires

• Nations and nationalism

• Revolts and revolutions

• Regional, transregional, and global structures and organizations

This theme refers to the processes by which hierarchical systems of rule have been constructed and maintained and to the conflicts generated through those processes. In particular, this theme encourages the comparative study of different state forms (for example, kingdoms, empires, nation-states) across time and space, and the interactions among them. Continuity and change are also embedded in this theme through attention to the organizational and cultural foundations of long-term stability, on one hand, and to internal and external causes of conflict on the other. Students should examine and compare various forms of state development and expansion in the context of various productive strategies (for example, agrarian, pastoral, mercantile), various cultural and ideological foundations (for example, religions, philosophies, ideas of nationalism), various social and gender structures, and in different environmental contexts. This theme also discusses different types of states, such as autocracies and constitutional democracies. Finally, this theme encourages students to explore interstate relations, including warfare, diplomacy, commercial and cultural exchange, and the formation of international organizations.

Theme 4

Creation, Expansion and Interaction of Economic Systems

• Agricultural and pastoral production

• Trade and commerce

• Labor systems

• Industrialization

• Capitalism and socialism

This theme surveys the diverse patterns and systems that human societies have developed as they exploit their environments to produce, distribute and consume desired goods and services across time and space. It stresses major transitions in human economic activity, such as the growth and spread of agricultural, pastoral and industrial production; the development of various labor systems associated with these economic systems (including different forms of household management and the use of coerced or free labor); and the ideologies, values and institutions (such as capitalism and socialism) that sustained them. This theme also calls attention to patterns of trade and commerce between various societies, with particular attention to the relationship between regional and global networks of communication and exchange, and their effects on economic growth and decline. These webs of interaction strongly influence cultural and technological diffusion, migration, state formation, social classes and human interaction with the environment.

Theme 5

Development and Transformation of Social Structures

• Gender roles and relations

• Family and kinship

• Racial and ethnic constructions

• Social and economic classes

This theme is about relations among human beings. All human societies develop ways of grouping their members as well as norms that govern interactions between individuals and social groups. Social stratification comprises distinctions based on kinship systems, ethnic associations and hierarchies of gender, race, wealth and class. The study of world history requires analysis of the processes through which social categories, roles and practices were created, maintained and transformed. It also involves analysis of the connections between changes in social structures and other historical shifts, especially trends in political economy, cultural expression and human ecology.

We use the mnemonic "P.I.R.A.T.E.S" in our class. Other teachers use SPRITE, SPICE, or GRAPES.

Bonus Challenge! What do the letters in PIRATES stand for?

Things to know for your first quiz Friday, September 14th

Test Basics

Kaizen Kick-off! WHAP Brigade to the Rescue!

Constant improvement, or Kaizen, is how Japanese companies maintain quality products and excellent customer service. We are going to maintain academic quality and rigor in the face of difficult challenges all year. If you see room for improvement, or have an idea about how to make things better, speak up and let me know right away. Your input is welcome. I might not always use your exact idea, but I will listen and incorporate it into the big picture.


Political-State building/governments

Interaction w/environment-dams, pollution, roads

Religion- the major world religions


Technology- Science, transportation, communication

Economy- trade routes, networks,

Social Structures- role of women

Review Web Pages



PowerPoint: Go to Review page files

AP Central Essay info/samples/rubrics Link

Sign-up for "Get-A-Five" website

Create Account


Infinite Campus

Please check Infinite Campus for grades. Please let me know if you find a discrepancy. If you are absent, the school policy is that you are allowed one day for each day that you are absent to turn in missed work.

Extra credit is available and students should meet with Ms. Alair to discuss which option is best for them. The extra credit points can only be applied to test scores. There is no way to make up points for not doing daily assignments/homework. No late work!


Alair Family Motto: "Cheer up, things will get worse." -Neil Alair

More positive Alair Family Motto: "You can't stop the waves, but you can learn to surf" -Jon Kabat-Zinn

Alair philosophy:

"If you don't vote, you don't count" -Allison Alair

"It is our responsibilities, not ourselves, that we must take seriously."

"Chewing gum, makes you dumb!" - Allison Alair (Makes you look like your IQ is 10 points lower)

"Live as if you were to die tomorrow; learn as if you were to live forever." -Gandhi

"The mind is everything. You think what you become." -Buddha

"Life is suffering." - Buddha


World History

Advanced Placement