Flipped Classroom Resources

What is Flipped Instruction?
"The 'Flipped Classroom' starts with one question: what is the best use of my face-to-face class time?--Jonathan Bergmann

Many of you are probably wondering what flipped instruction is all about? This is a fair question. At the most fundamental level, flipped instruction is a form of blended learning where class time is used for the application of new knowledge, while homework time is used to introduce new content. Simple enough, right? One challenge students face when learning is identifying their gaps of understanding. Most often, they only realize these gaps in the application phase. This happens most frequently when they are completing homework, which is counter-productive as the teacher isn't readily available to assist the student at home. In a flipped classroom, teachers assign instructional videos (direct instruction) as homework, while class time is spent in the application phase of learning. Now, face-to-face class time is devoted to the more challenging, higher-order elements of learning. Aaron Sams and Thomas Palmer highlight how flipped instruction allows for true personalized, anytime-anywhere learning below. Further more, find tutorials on how to flip your own classroom as well as links to other flipped videos already made for a variety of subject contents. Don't be afraid to use these lessons either. They are free to all teachers!


What does a Flipped Classroom look like?

Mr. Palmer's Flipped Physics Class

How do I flip my classroom?

Getting Started
Let's just get it out there. Yes, it is true that not all students have Internet access at home. So it would be unfair to flip your lesson and expect every kid to complete it as homework. With this said, don't let this reality become an excuse to not adopt (or at least try) flipped instruction. First, providing students with anytime-anywhere access to direct instruction will benefit many students, even if not all. But more so, the pedagogical elements of flipped instruction still exist even in the classroom. Instead of lecturing to the whole group, flip your instruction and implement a station-roation model. Now, you are free to help kids with the application phase of learning, while your students still can watch, pause, rewind, and re-watch your instruction on their own accord. Another option is to flip the traditional class by replacing face-to-face lecture with application activities and using video for your lecture (check out this video for a further explanation). It's a win-win!  

Remember monumental change doesn't happen overnight. All new challenges present an inherent learning curve. Embrace this! We ask our students to take risks everyday; so can we. With this said, start small. Don't flip every lesson right away. Begin with your top ten lessons. Don't feel like you have to become an advanced movie-maker either. Start simple and let your experiences grow from there. Also, use other teachers' videos, especially in the beginning when your own collection is still small. Literally thousands of flipped lessons already exist online. The Flipped Video Library will get you started but explore what else is out there too.  

Next, believe it or not, you will need to teach your students how to become flipped learners. Just like reading a textbook is different than a novel, students must watch instructional videos differently than television. Provide anticipatory sets, summarizing sheets, and encourage students to write down questions as they watch. Check out this quick video for some further ideas. In essence, we are teaching independent learning skills, just with a flipped twist!

Finally, everyone should hop on over to The Flipped Learning Network and become a member. This is a fabulous resource for teachers and provides tutorials on everything flipping, forum pages and much more. Be sure to sign up though. Many of the great resources are only available to members; but membership is free so what are you waiting for?

Step 1: Idea Development and Scripting
Although flipping is different from traditional instruction, the core principles remain the same. Before you walk into a class you prepare your lesson, right? Flipped instruction is no different. First, determine your learning goals. Identify main ideas, supporting evidence, points of inquiry, areas for deeper thought, you know the deal. 

After you create a lecture outline, write a script (or at least think about what you will say) for when the camera is rolling. The more thorough this process, the less "uh" and "um" you will inadvertently drop into the presentation (check out this video for do's/don'ts of screen-casting). Think about voice inflection, facial features, and body language. Teaching is a performance, so include the same strategies you normally bring to your direct instruction in your video. Remember, you are still their teacher, so be you! Have fun and make them feel comfortable to sit down and watch you teach.

Keep your videos short. Think about it, most adults won't sit for 30 minutes to watch a lecture, let alone kids. A good rule of thumb is to limit your videos to 1-2 minutes/grade level. So a 5th grade video should not exceed 10 minutes. Even though high school teachers can extend their video time, it is still a good idea to keep videos between 5-10 minutes. This is challenging, but it will also force you to consider what really is important. One strategy is to "chunk" your content and include interactive pieces. Grouping topics helps kids organize their thoughts and completing quick activities reinforces their understandings.      

Step 2: Making Flipped Videos
The defining feature of flipped lessons is the direct instruction video or podcast. Remember, flipping means the knowledge piece of instruction happens at home. So, your flipped instruction should introduce the material you normally lecture on. With this said, making a video of any kind can be intimidating and is the most common road block to flipped instruction. However, it is only hard until you learn how to do it! Check out these tutorials for ways to create instructional videos. Some are more advanced than others, so remember, keep it simple at first.  

Audio Podcasts: If you want to skip the whole video part and just include an audio version of your direct instruction, creating an audio podcast is the way to go. There are many different software packages available that can do this easily, but here are a few suggestions to get you started:

  • Audacity is a free, open sourced software (click here to download) that runs on both PC and Mac. It allows users to record, edit, and enhance narration. It can also be uploaded to the cloud for easy access. Check out these tutorials to learn more:
  • Garage Band (Mac only) has everything you need to record, mix, and share great audio tracks. Although this software is primarily used for making music, it can also be utilized to craft instructional podcasts. Check out these tutorials to learn more:
Screen-casting: Probably the easiest way to start making instructional videos. In simple terms, screen-casting records the output as seen on your computer screen and records narration. The end result is a video of your computer screen with your voice. There is plenty of screen-casting software available with varying degrees of usability and price. We encourage you to explore and see what you like best, but here are few suggestions with tutorials to get you started.
  • Screencast-O-Matic is a free (click here to download) software that records your computer's screen and allows for narration. The price is right and the software is available for both Windows and Macintosh. Check out these tutorials to learn more:  
  • Educreations is a free (click here to download) software that turns your computer or tablet into a recordable whiteboard. Great for creating video tutorials and is easy to share projects with others. Check out these tutorials to learn more:
  • Explain Everything is an iPad app (click here to download from the App Store) that allows users to annotate and narrate videos using previously made Powerpoint/Keynote presentations, photos, and videos. Check out these video tutorials to learn more:
  • Jing is a free software (click here to download) compatible with Windows and Macintosh. Jing gives you the ability to add basic visual elements to your screen captures and has very easy-to-use sharing features. Check out these video tutorials to learn more:
  • Snagit is a cost-friendly ($50) software (click here to purchase) compatible with Windows and Macintosh. Snagit allows you to quickly snag what's on your screen, enhance it with effects, and share your creations with others. Check out these tutorials to learn more: 
  • Camtasia Studio is the Cadillac of screen-casting software (click here to purchase) and is available for both Windows and Macintosh. Depending on features the software will run between $99-$200. So, what do you get for all that money? Everything! There isn't anything you can't do (or make) with Camtasia Studio. Check out these tutorials to learn more:
Movie Making: If you want to take your flipped instruction to the next level, try moving beyond screen-casting and into movie making. This is far more time consuming, but also allows you to do far more too! No one is expecting you to win an Oscar here, so don't be afraid to take a chance if you aren't quite sure how it will turn out. You will need a video camera, but your cell phone and/or tablet device probably has one that will work. Check out these video tutorials on how to begin flipping your classroom with video.Step 3: Posting or Archiving your Flipped Lesson
After you complete the video portion of your lesson you need to make it available to your students. One way is to save it to 30 different jump drives and hand them out. Obviously this is not preferred. The easier way is to upload the video to the cloud and have your students access it via the Internet. Here are several ways you can do this:
  • Create a YouTube Channel and post videos there. This is by far the most popular way teachers post flipped instruction and doesn't cost you anything. Check out this tutorial to learn how.
  • Another way to make accessing your flipped instruction easy is by using a Learning Management System (LMS). Most LMS have free options for teachers and can act as a classroom away from the classroom. MoodleEdmodo, Course Sites, and Canvas are all viable options to choose from. Check out this tutorial on how to post video to Moodle.
    • Here is an article providing additional options 
Step 4: Reorganizing your Face-to-Face Class Time 
So you've come all this way. You created a flipped video of your lecture (or found someone's video that works), you uploaded the video to the cloud, and your students watched it...so now what? Well, its time to enjoy the fruits of your labor!  Since your students already received the direct-instruction, they are ready to apply what they learned. Listed below are resources and ideas of how to best use class time in a flipped environment.  

A good rule of thumb to follow with Flipped Instruction is to preserve class time for higher-order tasks. Remember, this is the whole reason you flipped in the first place. Try to find fun, creative ways for your students to apply what they learned from your instructional video. Obviously this will look different in Math class than it will in History class; but the logic remains the same. Here are a few suggestions to get you thinking in the right direction:
  • Think about ways to assess the content from the video. This can be a pop quiz, a group activity or a simple check of their summarization sheet, it doesn't really matter. You need to know what concepts were learned independently, and which one's might still need further review. This also provides an element of accountability for your students. They know they will be help responsible for the material, even if you are not directly lecturing on it.  
  • A follow up to this is teach kids how to identify their gaps in understanding. Have kids submit a notecard with their questions from the flipped instruction. This is a simple check for understanding, but also will provide you with insights into the efficacy of your video.
  • Use Project-Based Learning to help students apply their newfound knowledge. Don't just ask for review of material, have them take it to the next level. Anytime students move from passive to active learners is a win. Be creative and don't be afraid to push your boundaries of comfort.
  • Be sure all class activities are dependent on the video. How often do your follow-up activities not incorporate your lecture? The same is true for flipped learning. The key here is to not simply restate the video content in class the next day.
  • Complete the in-class activities you always want to get to, but never have enough time for. This is the freedom you provide when you remove the direct-instruction. Extended group work...yes! Research or Problem-Based projects...yes! Self-Contained-Learning-Environments (SOLEs), class debates, seminars, mock trials, guest speakers, virtual field trips, video game-based learning, additional mini-units, literally the possibilities are endless, so start exploring!

Flipped Video Library

As you become an advanced flipping teacher your archive of video lessons will become quite extensive.  Don't be afraid to share these with others.  One of the great aspects of the Internet is the ability to share (and borrow) intellectual property.  Many other teachers are bought into this idea and have posted their flipped lessons for anyone to view and use.  We don't always have to reinvent the wheel, so using other teachers' videos is a good idea. Listed below is a library of flipped lessons available for use. However, this is only a snippet of what is available, so go explore and see what else is out there too!  

-Numberphile- Assortment of fun math videos (K-12): Click here
-Mr. Meadows- Elementary Math: Click here
-Khan Academy- 3rd Grade Math:Click here
-Khan Academy- 4th Grade Math:Click here
-Khan Academy- 5th Grade Math:Click here  
-Khan Academy- 6th Grade Math:Click here
-Khan Academy- 7th Grade Math:Click here
-Khan Academy- 8th Grade Math:Click here 
-Khan Academy- Arithmetic & Pre-Algebra: Click here      
-TEDEd- Measurement Lessons Worth Sharing: Click here
-TEDEd- Numbers & Operations Lessons Worth Sharing: Click here    
-Khan Academy- Algebra: Click here
-TEDEd- Algebra Lessons Worth Sharing: Click here
-ProfRobBob: Algebra 1: Click here
-Khan Academy- Linear Algebra:Click here
-ProfRobBob: Algebra 2: Click here
-TEDEd- Geometry Lessons Worth Sharing: Click here
-Khan Academy- Geometry: Click here
-ProfRobBob: Geometry: Click here
-Amor Sciendi- Painting and Geometry: Click here
-TEDEd- Statistics Lessons Worth Sharing: Click here
-ProfRobBob: AP Statistics: Click here
-Khan Academy- Statistics: Click here 
-Mr. Lipp- Algebra II/Pre-Calc: Click here  
-ProfRobBob: Pre-Calculus: Click here
-Khan Academy- Trigonometry & Precalculus :Click here
-ProfRobBob: Trigonometry: Click here 
-Khan Academy- Calculus: Click here
-ProfRobBob: Calculus: Click here
-Mathapptician- Mathematical Proofs: Click here
-Mathapptician- Mathematical Concepts: Click here
-Vi Hart: Math applied in fun ways: Click here
-Sixty Symbols: Assortment of Math topics explained: Click here

-Steve Spangler Science- Fun Science (K-12): Click here
-ASAP SCIENCE- Fun Science (K-12): Click here
-Bozeman Science- Next Generation Science (K-12): Click here
-Bite Sci-zed Science- Fun Science (K-12): Click here
-Khan Academy- Biology: Click here
-SciShow: Biology: Click here
-Bozeman Science- AP Biology: Click here
-Bozeman Science- AP Biology Labs: Click here
-Bozeman Science- AP Biology Science Practices: Click here
-Amor Sciendi- Art and Biology: Click here
-Khan Academy- Chemistry: Click here
-Bozeman Science- AP Chemistry: Click here
-SciShow: Chemistry: Click here
-Khan Academy- Physics: Click here
-SciShow: Biology: Click here
-Veritasium- Chemistry & Physics: Click here
-Amor Sciendi- Painting and Physics: Click here
-Smarter Every Day- Fun Physics surrounding every day life: Click here
-Minute Physics- Fun Physics videos: Click here
-Khan Academy- Computer Science: Click here
-TEDEd- Earth Sciences Lessons Worth Sharing: Click here
-TEDEd- Life Sciences Lessons Worth Sharing: Click here
-TEDEd- Physical Science Lessons Worth Sharing: Click here
-TEDEd- Environmental Science Lessons Worth Sharing: Click here
-TEDEd- Design, Engineering & Technology Lessons Worth Sharing: Click here
-Myles Power- Random Science Topics: Click here
-Deep Sky Videos: Astronomy/Astrology: Click here
-SciShow: Astronomy/Astrophysics/Space: Click here
-Vsauce: Assortment of Science topics explained: Click here
-Brusspup: Illusions and Science: Click here

Social Studies
-That was History: Influential Characters: Click here
-TEDEd- Geography Lessons Worth Sharing: Click here
-Khan Academy- World History:  Click here
-That was History: World History: Click here
-Hip Hughes- US History/World History & Current events: Click here
-That was History: US History: Click here
-Amor Sciendi- Renaissance History: Click here
-Khan Academy- Art History: Click here
-Amor Sciendi- Art History: Click here
-That was History: International History: Click here
-Khan Academy- American Civics: Click here
-TEDEd- Civics Lessons Worth Sharing: Click here
-TEDEd- Business and Economics Lessons Worth Sharing: Click here
-TEDEd- Philosophy Lessons Worth Sharing: Click here
-TEDEd- Religion Lessons Worth Sharing: Click here
-PBS Idea Channel: Assortment of Social Science topics: Click here
-C.G.P. Grey- Assortment of Social Science topics: Click here
-TEDEd- Psychology Lessons Worth Sharing: Click here
-TEDEd- Sociology Lessons Worth Sharing: Click here
-That was History: Strange History: Click here
-That was History: Inventions and Inventors: Click here
-History for Music Lovers: History set to music: Click here

Literature & Language Arts
-TEDEd- Speaking Lessons Worth Sharing: Click here
-TEDEd- Literature Lessons Worth Sharing: Click here
-TEDEd- Linguistics Lessons Worth Sharing: Click here
-TEDEd- Writing/Composition Lessons Worth Sharing: Click here
-Cremeens Language Arts- Click here

World Languages
-Learn Spanish- Click here
-Learn Italian- Click here
-Learn Portuguese- Click here
-Learn French- Click here
-Learn German- Click here
-Learn Cantonese- Click here
-Spanish is Your Amigo- Click here
-Ginger Baker-Sanhueza (Spanish)- Click here
-French from Beginners to Advanced- Click here

Teaching and Education
-TEDEd- Education Leadership Lessons Worth Sharing: Click  here
-TEDEd- Education Policy Lessons Worth Sharing: Click here
-TEDEd- Structure and Function of Schools Lessons Worth Sharing: Click here
-TEDEd- Teaching Strategies Lessons Worth Sharing: Click here
-TEDEd- Attention and Engagement Lessons Worth Sharing: Click here
-TEDEd- Critical Thinking Lessons Worth Sharing: Click here
-TEDEd- Problem Solving Lessons Worth Sharing: Click here
-TEDEd- Creativity Lessons Worth Sharing: Click here
-TEDEd- Collaboration Lessons Worth Sharing: Click here
-TEDEd- Information Literacy Lessons Worth Sharing: Click here

Brian Kosena,
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