Steve Shema and Gaspard Rwanyiziri, Rwanda



                                                                                                                                                                                    Hellomy name is Shema Steve, with Rwandan nationality. Currently I am a student in level 3 at the National University of Rwanda in the faculty of sciences, department of geography, and the option of environment management.                                                                                                                                             
I am now working on a Research project entitled "SPATIAL TEMPORAL ANALYSIS OF CROP DEVELOPMENT IN WETLAND ZONES:
 The case of Lakes Cyohoha North and South in Bugesera District, Rwanda."
In fact i'm passionate about geographical technologies, how broaden my skills in manipulating them and apply that in different research projects i want embrace in my country mainly to lend a supportive hand to policy makers within environment management related sectors.
For instance at the completion of this research i look forward sharing the findings and recommendation to different stakeholders found in the agricultural sector in my country.

I like hanging with friends, doing sport (basketball & football), I like eating (fast food), …, briefly I like enjoying life to the edge for if life doesn't scare me it's because I don’t live to the edge!!Reason why I should!!I WORK HARD AND PARTY HARDER. 

Gaspard Rwanyiziri is the Director of the Centre for Geographic Information Systems and Remote Sensing (CGIS) at the National University of Rwanda. He holds a PhD in Geography and Planning (specialization in Environment and Development) from Pau University/France. He teaches Geography and Environmental Management related courses and his research interests are in the management of Natural Resources and the Effects of Climate Change and Variability on Biodiversity Conservation, food security and local livelihoods in Rwanda. His current research explores the Impacts of Climate Change on Food Security in Bugesera Region.

Research Proposal:

 "SPATIAL-TEMPORAL ANALYSIS OF CROP DEVELOPMENT IN WETLAND ZONES. The Case of Lakes Cyohoha North and South in Bugesera District, Rwanda."                                                   

In Rwanda, food production has declined due to land degradation and climate unpredictability, making food prices too high and less affordable to people, especially the poor (UNEP, 2011). This has increased pressure to use wetland products and services to provide food and income to the poor communities. Just like it is typical in many developing countries, the social and economic pressure to use wetlands to produce more food and harvest other wetland resources in Rwanda is immense. In Bugesera District, where this research project will be conducted, wetland degradation is more pronounced in areas where wetland agriculture contributes significantly to household food security because, since 1960’s that district was considered as  the country's breadbasket with regard to the key food crops (beans, sorghum, cassava, etc.) (UNDP, UNEP and REMA, 2007).

However, since 1990’s, questions have been raised about the sustainability and environmental impacts of converting wetlands or parts of wetlands for agricultural production, as well as the efficacy of wetlands to ensure food security, without compromising ecological functions in Bugesera District. This research proposal is therefore aimed at analyzing the crop development in wetland zones and its impacts on environment and food security in Bugesera District by using geospatial technologies.

The general objective of this study is to analyze the spatial and temporal trends of crop development in wetland zones found in the surrounding of Lake Cyohoha North and Lake Cyohoha South in Bugesera district and their impact on environment and food security since 1986 up to 2009.