This Doolittle Tokyo Raiders' B-25 was tracked and viewed, from a ground station, with a platform-agnostic "cloud-based radar & surveillance system" over San Francisco Bay, from where WW2 Victory started. Free Download this Cloud Radar TM Surveillance to see what is up there in your flights, your cars...etc. FAA recommended a similar Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) for air safety.
The cause of this Virtual Museum is to bring the differences of views together, to build trust between peoples of different nationalities, and prevent future potential conflicts:
1941: Pearl Harbor
Cmdr. Fuchida before taking-off for Pearl Harbor as in "Tora! Tora! Tora!" - Japanese pilots tied headbands as a token of victory. Yamamoto and Fuchida were the masterminds. If Japanese task forces had launched the third wave of attacks on the logistical installations, vital fuel-tank farm as Fuchida insisted, U.S. Pacific Fleet would have been out of action for months (“The Carrier War” - Time Life books), and there wouldn't have been the pivotal Midway Victory.
Victory Started Here! - Doolittle Raid and the Battle of East China
Doolittle raid and the Battle of East China were not only a strategic victory for the War, but also the starting point of the Allies’ victory over Axis powers during World War Two. WW2 was a global war. This research, began with the Japanese side of the views, shall focus on the far-reaching impact and ramifications of the raid, all the way to what happened after the War, rather than some tactical details in the battles. Recent American historian studies indicated that these series of events leaded to the establishment of Jewish state of Israel after WW2.
April 18, 1942, four months after Pearl Harbor, Japanese home islands were attacked for the first time. The audacious operation shocked Japan because not even the Mongols had come close. American land-based B-25 Mitchell bombers launched from the carrier Hornet, attacked Tokyo, Kobe, Yokohama, Nagoya, then crash landed in East China. Japanese did not know (and wouldn't believe at the time) that Americans had a strict order of NOT to threat the Emperor's Palace. The raid made the Imperial Supreme General Headquarter (帝国大本营) to change plans for failing to protect the Emperor and secret land. Combined fleet turned to strike Midway, but ended up in a disaster similar to the defeat of Spanish Armada in 1588, another turning point in history. The outcome would have been totally different if the Imperial Navy had sent six carriers (as in attacking Pearl Harbor) instead of only four in one task force to Midway. That was all eggs in one basket - a tactician should not do. The reason was that heavy defenses 'had to' be deployed in the home islands (indicated in Admiral Yamamoto's biography) to fight against similar Doolittle-styled shuttle bomb runs (that Americans had never intended to do). Imperial high commands were psychologically disoriented and logistically disorganized for losing face. Japan lost the initiative ever since, could not dispatch war resources effectively. As a result, the oversea forces stretched over the vast occupied territories were poorly coordinated from Guadalcanal and there after. Japanese soldiers could not fight as good as they should have.
Doolittle's B-25, fully laden with fuel and bombs, is taking off from the carrier USS Hornet like a stunt.
One B-25 made it to the Soviet Union due to engine or fuel leaks (or else, special mission to test the water of the Soviets). All but three of the crews survived, all other B-25's were crashed and ditched. Eight crewmen were captured by the Japanese Army in China, three of them were executed. The B-25 that landed in the Soviet Union was confiscated and its crew interned for more than a year because Stalin was not to make enemy with Japan, not a war of two fronts.
Doolittle raid trivia 1: Why US armed forces changed the insignia after the Raid?
US Army Air Corps insignia at the time with a red circle in the American star caused confusion among Japanese, Chinese and Russians. The insignia was changed to a white star without the red circle after Doolittle Raid. This historical fact also confuses today's younger generations, including some Americans.
Doolittle raid trivia 2: Did United States NOT have an Air Force at the time? It was the US Army Air Corps, U.S. Air Force was not an independent service arm until 1947, while most other nations' Air Forces were independent since World War One.
Only two living Doolittle Raiders in 2016:
Flight No. 1 Crew Co-pilot Richard Cole celebrated his 100 year-old birthday in September 2015.
and Flight No.7 Crew Staff Sgt. David Thatcher 94
Blood Chits were for Flying Tiger pilots in case they were downed behind Japanese lines. It reads “Americans came to help the war (effort); soldiers and citizens, all in one, are obliged to rescue and protect. - Aeronautical Commission Decree No. 0042”. Doolittle raid was a top secret mission, came as a surprise. Since the underground resistance and population knew what to do, many of the raiders were rescued miraculously. Chinese soldiers and civilians paid appalling costs for the cause in the Battle of East China followed the raid. - Aeronautical Commission was the Air Defense Command. Watch Video Clip Here
This battle and the following chain of events led to the victory in Allies’ favor. Not only a victory for the resistance against Japan in China, it was also the beginning of the end of the Axis powers. The Imperial Combined Fleet of Japan turned to attack Midway, meant to destroy American carrier fleet. But the task force was almost annihilated by Nimitz with inferior numbers. United States president Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) and the war staff believed that without a superior carrier force and been tied down in China since 1937, Japan could no longer be a threat to the Continental United States. FDR then threw most of the available war resource to North Africa to fight Germans, and defeated Rommel the Desert Fox*. FDR was criticized for fighting the wrong enemy. General MacArthur also complained in his memoir that he was not sure whether his enemy was in the front or back in Washington D.C.? This was the implicit “Europe first, Asia can wait” policy during the early stages of the global war effort. China's leader Chiang Kai-Shek then became the "Forgotten Ally".
*“From Midway to the Mideast” suggested that the Jewish state of Israel would not be possible after WWII if FDR had not done so. There is a line that intimately connects these events. Robert M. Morgenthau and Frank M. Tuerkheimer, a professor at the University of Wisconsin have an interesting piece about relationship between the victory at Midway and the creation of the state of Israel.
Studies of the recently declassified code-breaking, eavesdropping intelligence documents suggested that Churchill and FDR were aware of that German war machines could be remarkably innovative and resilient with the only exception of Adolf Hitler (He was capable of spoiling every German technology and military achievement with the Fuhrer's instinct and power). Japan was trapped in China more than four years. Japanese industry was a quick follower, not a front runner. If the Allies had not defeated Nazi German in time, V-1、V-2 missiles and jet fighters Me-262 could have changed the balance in battlefields. Normandy could have been the worst military disaster in history.
Due to the anti-war legislation of the Neutrality Act, America was unprepared for war after Pearl Harbor. To make things worse, they were facing enemies in two fronts, a nightmare for a strategist. FDR had to abandon the Philippines. Churchill also said of the lost of Singapore along with the iconic HMS Prince of Wales was the greatest humiliation in the history of British Empire. Mobilizing U.S. war production and training combat forces would take a year. Doolittle Raid was the most significant victory after a series of military humiliations. Thanks to the rescue efforts of the villagers and underground resistance behind enemy lines, most American crews got back home. Now imagine this: Just the thought would be chilling. What if the crews as well as the B-25’s had all been lost? Doolittle himself was very depressed at first about a heavy loss of men, and thought that he could be court-martialed (He got a Congressional Medal of Honor instead). Japanese wouldn't have to deploy unnecessary defenses in home islands for the face and safety of Emperor. There wouldn’t have been a Midway turning point. FDR could not have sent enough war resources to North Africa because Pearl Harbor, San Francisco and San Diego would be still in check. What would have been the course of WW2 like that?
The string of things happened offered many opportunities to play with fascinating “what ifs and buts” of history. So readers may have different thoughts. You are welcomed to discuss it because it is a good example to posterity that history is a “close-run thing”, as Duke of Wellington said of Waterloo. Email us: info@WW2V.com
Hollywood is also preserving the history and peace:
The making of "Unbroken": Angelina Jolie broke the curse of 'Unbroken'. The film was first optioned by Universal Studios in 1956. It was never produced because of too much to tell, until now. It is even harder now - there is no actor has the brutal, malevolent look as the Japanese military Fascists in WW2.
Unbroken trailers .... I thought the movie was directed by Clint Eastwood.
Film director Oliver Stone speech in Japan.